Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 417-422

Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ammar Khalifa, Mohammed Ahmed Alanazi, Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Daham Abdullah Aldaham, Abdulaziz Dahham Alshalan, Abdel Rahman Sami Qabaja, Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni, Louai Mohammad Alrata, Fahad Mohammed Alkaltham, Abdulrahman Saleh Aburaba, Mamdouh Raja Alharbi.

ABSTRACT

Background: At least 20,000 people in Saudi Arabia die every year due to complications from obesity. The present study was aimed to identify different associating factors with obesity among the Riyadh population. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample size consisting of 153 participants. The study included obese adult male subjects with body mass index (BMI) > 29.9. Female and adult males (BMI≤ 29.9) were excluded from the study. A pretested precoded self-administered questionnaire that covers risk analysis was used as data collecting tools. Data analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). A p-value of 0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: The majority of participants (39%) ate fast food more than three times per week, the majority of participants (37.3%) ate more than three meals per day, and the majority of participants (47%) was found eating while watching TV, where 68.6% of them took medicine that might lead to weight gain. Further, the majority of them (83.7%) did not exercise regularly. Conclusion: Many associating factors were found to play a role in the development of obesity such as eating habits, physical activity, and fast-food consumption. There was a statistically significant relationship between the marital status and eating while watching TV. The study found a statistically significant relationship between monthly income and the preferred way to get the fast-food meal.

Keywords:
Obesity, risk factors, associated, prevention, education


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Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ammar Khalifa
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Ahmed Alanazi
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Daham Abdullah Aldaham
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Dahham Alshalan
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdel Rahman Sami Qabaja
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Louai Mohammad Alrata
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Fahad Mohammed Alkaltham
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Saleh Aburaba
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mamdouh Raja Alharbi
Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Al-Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; practitioner0@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Dec 2019
Accepted 31 Dec 2019
Published online 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Khalifa A, Alanazi MA, Alotaibi AM, Aldaham DA, Alshalan AD, Qabaja ARS, Algarni AD, Alrata LM, Alkaltham FM, Aburaba AS, Alharbi MR. Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


Web Style

Khalifa A, Alanazi MA, Alotaibi AM, Aldaham DA, Alshalan AD, Qabaja ARS, Algarni AD, Alrata LM, Alkaltham FM, Aburaba AS, Alharbi MR. Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=78034 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalifa A, Alanazi MA, Alotaibi AM, Aldaham DA, Alshalan AD, Qabaja ARS, Algarni AD, Alrata LM, Alkaltham FM, Aburaba AS, Alharbi MR. Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalifa A, Alanazi MA, Alotaibi AM, Aldaham DA, Alshalan AD, Qabaja ARS, Algarni AD, Alrata LM, Alkaltham FM, Aburaba AS, Alharbi MR. Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


Harvard Style

Khalifa, A., Alanazi, . M. A., Alotaibi, . A. M., Aldaham, . D. A., Alshalan, . A. D., Qabaja, . A. R. S., Algarni, . A. D., Alrata, . L. M., Alkaltham, . F. M., Aburaba, . A. S. & Alharbi, . M. R. (2020) Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


Turabian Style

Khalifa, Ammar, Mohammed Ahmed Alanazi, Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Daham Abdullah Aldaham, Abdulaziz Dahham Alshalan, Abdel Rahman Sami Qabaja, Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni, Louai Mohammad Alrata, Fahad Mohammed Alkaltham, Abdulrahman Saleh Aburaba, and Mamdouh Raja Alharbi. 2020. Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


Chicago Style

Khalifa, Ammar, Mohammed Ahmed Alanazi, Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Daham Abdullah Aldaham, Abdulaziz Dahham Alshalan, Abdel Rahman Sami Qabaja, Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni, Louai Mohammad Alrata, Fahad Mohammed Alkaltham, Abdulrahman Saleh Aburaba, and Mamdouh Raja Alharbi. "Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalifa, Ammar, Mohammed Ahmed Alanazi, Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Daham Abdullah Aldaham, Abdulaziz Dahham Alshalan, Abdel Rahman Sami Qabaja, Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni, Louai Mohammad Alrata, Fahad Mohammed Alkaltham, Abdulrahman Saleh Aburaba, and Mamdouh Raja Alharbi. "Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 417-422. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalifa, A., Alanazi, . M. A., Alotaibi, . A. M., Aldaham, . D. A., Alshalan, . A. D., Qabaja, . A. R. S., Algarni, . A. D., Alrata, . L. M., Alkaltham, . F. M., Aburaba, . A. S. & Alharbi, . M. R. (2020) Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 417-422. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160


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