Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 423-428

Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdullah Faisal Shalabi, Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro, Rahaf Hameed Sibaa, Shrouk Bander Alalida, Nawal Zayed Alammar, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen, Bakur Kamil Tamim, Yaseen Saddiq Natto, Rawan Eid Alamri, AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz.

ABSTRACT

Background: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects physical and mental development. It is the most prevalent chromosomal disorder. The worldwide incidence of this syndrome is 1 in every 1,000 births and increases exponentially with the maternal age. This study aims to assess the awareness level toward Down syndrome among females attending primary healthcare centers. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 402 females in primary healthcare centers. Data were collected by using a cluster sampling method and self-administrated pre-tested questionnaire from 2018 to 2019. Results: Among the total of 402 females who answered the questionnaires, 61.4% of females found that the awareness of Down syndrome was moderate. However, about the third (38.1%) of the females had low awareness. Whilst, only 0.5% of them had high awareness score about Down syndrome. Among the participants, 20% had attended college, 5% with a postgraduate degree, 70% completed high school and 5% had primary school education. Conclusion: This study indicated that awareness of Down syndrome among females was moderate. Furthermore, there is a significant association between education and awareness, and there is no significant association between age and awareness.

Keywords:
Down syndrome, awareness, Saudi Arabia


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Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdullah Faisal Shalabi
Intern, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Rahaf Hameed Sibaa
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Shrouk Bander Alalida
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Nawal Zayed Alammar
Al-Qassim University, Alrass, Alqassim, Saudi Arabia
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Faisal Abdullah Almoumen
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Bakur Kamil Tamim
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Yaseen Saddiq Natto
Um Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Rawan Eid Alamri
Intern, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz
Imam Mohammed Bin Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz, Intern, Imam Abdulrahman Al-Faisal Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; Dr.mohammed.10@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 18 Dec 2019
Accepted 03 Jan 2020
Published online 14 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Shalabi AF, Shrouro OA, Sibaa RH, Alalida SB, Alammar NZ, Almoumen FA, Tamim BK, Natto YS, Alamri RE, Abdulaziz AM. Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


Web Style

Shalabi AF, Shrouro OA, Sibaa RH, Alalida SB, Alammar NZ, Almoumen FA, Tamim BK, Natto YS, Alamri RE, Abdulaziz AM. Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=78443 [Access: February 18, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shalabi AF, Shrouro OA, Sibaa RH, Alalida SB, Alammar NZ, Almoumen FA, Tamim BK, Natto YS, Alamri RE, Abdulaziz AM. Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shalabi AF, Shrouro OA, Sibaa RH, Alalida SB, Alammar NZ, Almoumen FA, Tamim BK, Natto YS, Alamri RE, Abdulaziz AM. Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited February 18, 2020]; 4(2): 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


Harvard Style

Shalabi, A. F., Shrouro, . O. A., Sibaa, . R. H., Alalida, . S. B., Alammar, . N. Z., Almoumen, . F. A., Tamim, . B. K., Natto, . Y. S., Alamri, . R. E. & Abdulaziz, . A. M. (2020) Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


Turabian Style

Shalabi, Abdullah Faisal, Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro, Rahaf Hameed Sibaa, Shrouk Bander Alalida, Nawal Zayed Alammar, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen, Bakur Kamil Tamim, Yaseen Saddiq Natto, Rawan Eid Alamri, and AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz. 2020. Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


Chicago Style

Shalabi, Abdullah Faisal, Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro, Rahaf Hameed Sibaa, Shrouk Bander Alalida, Nawal Zayed Alammar, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen, Bakur Kamil Tamim, Yaseen Saddiq Natto, Rawan Eid Alamri, and AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz. "Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shalabi, Abdullah Faisal, Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro, Rahaf Hameed Sibaa, Shrouk Bander Alalida, Nawal Zayed Alammar, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen, Bakur Kamil Tamim, Yaseen Saddiq Natto, Rawan Eid Alamri, and AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz. "Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 423-428. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shalabi, A. F., Shrouro, . O. A., Sibaa, . R. H., Alalida, . S. B., Alammar, . N. Z., Almoumen, . F. A., Tamim, . B. K., Natto, . Y. S., Alamri, . R. E. & Abdulaziz, . A. M. (2020) Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 423-428. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472


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