Original Research Open Access


Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh

Sahar Mohsen Aldhafeeri, Fatemah Ibraheem Alrawaji, Abrar Mubarak Algharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alhessan, Ayat Sami Qabaja, Ghaleah Abdulaziz Alnassar, Ghaliah Ofayn Alsulami, Mashael Belal Alrubaian, Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, Salehah Salih Alotaibi, Zahra Ali Alkhamees.

Abstract
Objectives: the research aims to detect the awareness of level of vitamin D in females and to identify the risk factors of vitamin D deficiency in female students.
Methodology: cross-sectional study covered a number of females in governmental high schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in the academic year 2014; 200 female students from 6 governmental high schools were selected randomly.
Results: knowledge about sunlight as a source of vitamin D is high with 82.50%. Knowledge about vitamin D deficiency causing generalized pain is estimated with 45%.
Conclusion: proportion of vitamin D deficiency among participants was high. Despite the good knowledge that sun is the major source of vitamin D, the practice of sunlight exposure was not enough among high school students. Also the practice of supplementation was below expectation. We recommend motivation to take action regarding vitamin D status and to increase exposure time to sunlight.

Key words: Vitamin D, deficiency, female students


 
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Pubmed Style

Aldhafeeri SM, Alrawaji FI, Algharbi M, Alhessan AA, Qabaja S, Alnassar GA, Alsulami GO, Alrubaian B, Alhatim NA, Alotaibi S, Alkhamees ZA. Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. IJMDC. 2017; 1(1): 19-25.



Web Style

Aldhafeeri SM, Alrawaji FI, Algharbi M, Alhessan AA, Qabaja S, Alnassar GA, Alsulami GO, Alrubaian B, Alhatim NA, Alotaibi S, Alkhamees ZA. Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. www.scopemed.org/?mno=280049 [Access: October 20, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aldhafeeri SM, Alrawaji FI, Algharbi M, Alhessan AA, Qabaja S, Alnassar GA, Alsulami GO, Alrubaian B, Alhatim NA, Alotaibi S, Alkhamees ZA. Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. IJMDC. 2017; 1(1): 19-25.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aldhafeeri SM, Alrawaji FI, Algharbi M, Alhessan AA, Qabaja S, Alnassar GA, Alsulami GO, Alrubaian B, Alhatim NA, Alotaibi S, Alkhamees ZA. Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. IJMDC. (2017), [cited October 20, 2017]; 1(1): 19-25.



Harvard Style

Aldhafeeri, S. M., Alrawaji, F. I., Algharbi, . M., Alhessan, A. A., Qabaja, . S., Alnassar, G. A., Alsulami, G. O., Alrubaian, . B., Alhatim, N. A., Alotaibi, . S. & Alkhamees, Z. A. (2017) Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. IJMDC, 1 (1), 19-25.



Turabian Style

Aldhafeeri, Sahar Mohsen, Fatemah Ibraheem Alrawaji, Abrar Mubarak Algharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alhessan, Ayat Sami Qabaja, Ghaleah Abdulaziz Alnassar, Ghaliah Ofayn Alsulami, Mashael Belal Alrubaian, Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, Salehah Salih Alotaibi, and Zahra Ali Alkhamees. 2017. Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 1 (1), 19-25.



Chicago Style

Aldhafeeri, Sahar Mohsen, Fatemah Ibraheem Alrawaji, Abrar Mubarak Algharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alhessan, Ayat Sami Qabaja, Ghaleah Abdulaziz Alnassar, Ghaliah Ofayn Alsulami, Mashael Belal Alrubaian, Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, Salehah Salih Alotaibi, and Zahra Ali Alkhamees. "Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 1 (2017), 19-25.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aldhafeeri, Sahar Mohsen, Fatemah Ibraheem Alrawaji, Abrar Mubarak Algharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alhessan, Ayat Sami Qabaja, Ghaleah Abdulaziz Alnassar, Ghaliah Ofayn Alsulami, Mashael Belal Alrubaian, Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, Salehah Salih Alotaibi, and Zahra Ali Alkhamees. "Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 1.1 (2017), 19-25. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aldhafeeri, S. M., Alrawaji, F. I., Algharbi, . M., Alhessan, A. A., Qabaja, . S., Alnassar, G. A., Alsulami, G. O., Alrubaian, . B., Alhatim, N. A., Alotaibi, . S. & Alkhamees, Z. A. (2017) Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 1 (1), 19-25.





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