Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 668-675

Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ahmad Ali Hazzazi, Mohssen Hassen Ageeli, Ahmed Ali Muyidi, Abdulaziz Mohammad Abulgasim, Abdullah Ahmad Yateemi, Nabil Alhakami.

ABSTRACT

Background: Low awareness about rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the general population was associated with poor outcomes and delayed diagnosis. Raising public awareness about RA is the first step to improve early diagnosis and treatment. We aimed in this study to explore Jazan population awareness about RA. Methodology: A cross-sectional study conducted in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia using a multistage cluster random sampling technique used. Eight primary health care centers (PHCCs) were selected. People visited these PHCCs during the period from 25 August to 25 September were included. Descriptive statistics were performed. Chi-square test was used to compare knowledge among categorical variables. Independent sample t-test and analysis of variance was calculated to find an association between mean knowledge score and demographic variables with two categories and more. p-value < 0.05 indicated statistical significance. Results: A total of 678 participants answered the survey. The mean age of the participants was 34.05 12.22 years. Of the participants, 59.7% were females. The average correct responses of the knowledge about the symptoms of RA was 38.54%, epidemiology and diagnosis 38.74%, risk factors and disease impact 42.47%, features that differentiate Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis from RA was 30.43% and 34.40%, respectively. Connection to RA, Increasing age, higher education, and income more than 10000 SR were associated with better knowledge. Conclusion: The study population had poor knowledge about RA which may be associated with the delayed seeking of medical advice for non-diagnosed patients and non-desirable consequences to the patients. Better knowledge among those connected to RA gives good chances for educational interventions to succeed.

Keywords:
Jazan, population, knowledge, awareness, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic disorders


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Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ahmad Ali Hazzazi
Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Mohssen Hassen Ageeli
Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Ali Muyidi
Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Mohammad Abulgasim
Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Ahmad Yateemi
Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Nabil Alhakami
Consultant Rheumatology, King Fahad Central Hospital, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Ahmad Ali Hazzazi, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.; ahmad.amdamr@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 13 Dec 2019
Accepted 09 Jan 2020
Published online 30 Jan 2020
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Hazzazi AA, Ageeli MH, Muyidi AA, Abulgasim AM, Yateemi AA, Alhakami N. Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


Web Style

Hazzazi AA, Ageeli MH, Muyidi AA, Abulgasim AM, Yateemi AA, Alhakami N. Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77518 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hazzazi AA, Ageeli MH, Muyidi AA, Abulgasim AM, Yateemi AA, Alhakami N. Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hazzazi AA, Ageeli MH, Muyidi AA, Abulgasim AM, Yateemi AA, Alhakami N. Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


Harvard Style

Hazzazi, A. A., Ageeli, . M. H., Muyidi, . A. A., Abulgasim, . A. M., Yateemi, . A. A. & Alhakami, . N. (2020) Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (3), 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


Turabian Style

Hazzazi, Ahmad Ali, Mohssen Hassen Ageeli, Ahmed Ali Muyidi, Abdulaziz Mohammad Abulgasim, Abdullah Ahmad Yateemi, and Nabil Alhakami. 2020. Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


Chicago Style

Hazzazi, Ahmad Ali, Mohssen Hassen Ageeli, Ahmed Ali Muyidi, Abdulaziz Mohammad Abulgasim, Abdullah Ahmad Yateemi, and Nabil Alhakami. "Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hazzazi, Ahmad Ali, Mohssen Hassen Ageeli, Ahmed Ali Muyidi, Abdulaziz Mohammad Abulgasim, Abdullah Ahmad Yateemi, and Nabil Alhakami. "Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 668-675. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hazzazi, A. A., Ageeli, . M. H., Muyidi, . A. A., Abulgasim, . A. M., Yateemi, . A. A. & Alhakami, . N. (2020) Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 668-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943


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