Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 409-416

Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study

Authors: Eman Alibrahim, Mohanna Al Jindan.

ABSTRACT

Background: Corneal pathology contributes to 3.5%-9.5% cases of visual impairment in Saudi Arabia, while a significant shortage of corneas that are procured for transplantation is noted. Thereby, this study was conducted to assess the level and determinants of knowledge and attitude regarding corneal donation among the Saudi population. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia from 01 July to 30 September 2018. An electronically administered questionnaire collected socio-demographic data, knowledge (seven items) and attitude regarding corneal donation (seven items). A knowledge score (range = 0-7) was calculated as the number of correct answers. Associations of knowledge score with socio-demographic features and attitude items were analyzed using nonparametric tests. Results: The study included 1,001 participants with 70.4% females, 42.9% aged 20-29 years, and 69.9% highly educated. The median knowledge score was 2 out of 7, which was higher among females and gradually increased with age (p = 0.016). Attitude showed 28.5% participants were favorable to corneal donation and 21.8% were ready to register as a donor. Non-acceptance of organ separation (44.8%), religion (24.7%), and lack of knowledge (23.6%) were the most frequently reported obstacles to corneal donation. Knowledge level was significantly associated with willingness to donate (p = 0.003), awareness about donation registration procedures (p < 0.001), and readiness to register as a donor (p = 0.004). Conclusion: Corneal transplantation is not well known among the Saudi population, emphasizing the need for nationwide awareness raising programs, which may increase the number of potential donors.

Keywords:
Cornea, donation, donor, transplantation, knowledge


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Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study


Authors
Eman Alibrahim
Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohanna Al Jindan
Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Eman Alibrahim, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.; Alibrahim.emanali@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 18 Dec 2019
Accepted 24 Dec 2019
Published online 05 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alibrahim E, Jindan MA. Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


Web Style

Alibrahim E, Jindan MA. Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77809 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alibrahim E, Jindan MA. Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alibrahim E, Jindan MA. Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


Harvard Style

Alibrahim, E. & Jindan, . M. A. (2020) Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. IJMDC, 4 (2), 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


Turabian Style

Alibrahim, Eman, and Mohanna Al Jindan. 2020. Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


Chicago Style

Alibrahim, Eman, and Mohanna Al Jindan. "Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alibrahim, Eman, and Mohanna Al Jindan. "Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 409-416. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alibrahim, E. & Jindan, . M. A. (2020) Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 409-416. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666


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