Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(3): 229-233

Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia

Authors: AMohammed Elamin Mukrim, Nujud Muteb D. Alshammari, Wurud Muteb D. Alshammari, Maali Subhi T. Alshammari, Yousef Nasif R. Alshammari, Abdulaziz Sael M. Alshammari, Maisa Hamad F. Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman F. Alzammam, Muharib Mana M. Alshammari, Slwa Khaled Abu Asyah, Aseel Jamal Alzuhayri, Mushref Saeid Alshammari.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with chronic health conditions such ascardiovascular problems, diabetes mellitus (DM), pulmonary disease and cancer are suffering psychological disturbances while struggling to manage their physical illnesses. This study was aimed at examining the relationship between DM and depression, anxiety and stress in the studied patients in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross sectional study conducted on Patients with DM, from the age of 12 years from both genders, attending the Diabetes Center at Prince Abdulaziz bin Musaed Hospital in Arar, Saudi Arabia, during the period from January 1st 2018 To March 30th 2018. Sample size for this study was 278 diabetic patients based on a sample size formula for cross-sectional study design. Results: Our study showed that the prevalence reached approximately 45.6 % for anxiety, 18.7% for stress and 37.4 % for depression. Demographic variables of patients had varied effect on psychological wellbeing of patients. Female gender is more associated with depressive symptoms (71.2%, P value =0.043). It was found that depression and anxiety were significantly related to the patientís age and lower educational level. Being unmarried was significantly associated with depression. Conclusion: Our study showed that the prevalence reached approximately 45.6 % for anxiety, 18.7% for stress and 37.4 % for depression. Depending on the study results we recommend including the psychological aspects during evaluation of diabetic patients, more health education programs must be employed about the psychological and mental health of diabetic patients and enhancing the awareness among health care providers about the psychological complications of diabetic patients. Key words: Depression, anxiety , stress , diabetes mellitus

Keywords:
Depression, anxiety , stress , diabetes mellitus

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Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia


Authors
AMohammed Elamin Mukrim
Consultant Psychiatrist & Medical Director ACMH, Ar'ar, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nujud Muteb D Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Wurud Muteb D Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Maali Subhi T Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Yousef Nasif R Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Sael M Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Maisa Hamad F Alanazi
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulelah Abdulrhman F Alzammam
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Muharib Mana M Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Slwa Khaled Abu Asyah
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Aseel Jamal Alzuhayri
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Mushref Saeid Alshammari
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Dr. Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia; nojudalshammri@hotmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 18 Nov 2018
Accepted 17 Jan 2019
Published in print 19 Mar 2019

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Pubmed Style

Mukrim AE, Alshammari NMD, Alshammari WMD, Alshammari MST, Alshammari YNR, Alshammari ASM, Alanazi MHF, Alzammam AAF, Alshammari MMM, Asyah SKA, Alzuhayri AJ, Alshammari MS. Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(3): 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


Web Style

Mukrim AE, Alshammari NMD, Alshammari WMD, Alshammari MST, Alshammari YNR, Alshammari ASM, Alanazi MHF, Alzammam AAF, Alshammari MMM, Asyah SKA, Alzuhayri AJ, Alshammari MS. Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=17820 [Access: June 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mukrim AE, Alshammari NMD, Alshammari WMD, Alshammari MST, Alshammari YNR, Alshammari ASM, Alanazi MHF, Alzammam AAF, Alshammari MMM, Asyah SKA, Alzuhayri AJ, Alshammari MS. Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(3): 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mukrim AE, Alshammari NMD, Alshammari WMD, Alshammari MST, Alshammari YNR, Alshammari ASM, Alanazi MHF, Alzammam AAF, Alshammari MMM, Asyah SKA, Alzuhayri AJ, Alshammari MS. Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited June 03, 2020]; 3(3): 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


Harvard Style

Mukrim, A. E., Alshammari, . N. M. D., Alshammari, . W. M. D., Alshammari, . M. S. T., Alshammari, . Y. N. R., Alshammari, . A. S. M., Alanazi, . M. H. F., Alzammam, . A. A. F., Alshammari, . M. M. M., Asyah, . S. K. A., Alzuhayri, . A. J. & Alshammari, . M. S. (2019) Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (3), 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


Turabian Style

Mukrim, AMohammed Elamin, Nujud Muteb D. Alshammari, Wurud Muteb D. Alshammari, Maali Subhi T. Alshammari, Yousef Nasif R. Alshammari, Abdulaziz Sael M. Alshammari, Maisa Hamad F. Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman F. Alzammam, Muharib Mana M. Alshammari, Slwa Khaled Abu Asyah, Aseel Jamal Alzuhayri, and Mushref Saeid Alshammari. 2019. Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (3), 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


Chicago Style

Mukrim, AMohammed Elamin, Nujud Muteb D. Alshammari, Wurud Muteb D. Alshammari, Maali Subhi T. Alshammari, Yousef Nasif R. Alshammari, Abdulaziz Sael M. Alshammari, Maisa Hamad F. Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman F. Alzammam, Muharib Mana M. Alshammari, Slwa Khaled Abu Asyah, Aseel Jamal Alzuhayri, and Mushref Saeid Alshammari. "Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mukrim, AMohammed Elamin, Nujud Muteb D. Alshammari, Wurud Muteb D. Alshammari, Maali Subhi T. Alshammari, Yousef Nasif R. Alshammari, Abdulaziz Sael M. Alshammari, Maisa Hamad F. Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman F. Alzammam, Muharib Mana M. Alshammari, Slwa Khaled Abu Asyah, Aseel Jamal Alzuhayri, and Mushref Saeid Alshammari. "Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.3 (2019), 229-233. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mukrim, A. E., Alshammari, . N. M. D., Alshammari, . W. M. D., Alshammari, . M. S. T., Alshammari, . Y. N. R., Alshammari, . A. S. M., Alanazi, . M. H. F., Alzammam, . A. A. F., Alshammari, . M. M. M., Asyah, . S. K. A., Alzuhayri, . A. J. & Alshammari, . M. S. (2019) Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (3), 229-233. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396


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