Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1623-1629

The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nasser Mulla, Mernan Hussain Alsharif, Ghadir Hamzah Badr, Zenab Ali A Alobidi, Anhar Abdullah Alahmadi Alharbi.

ABSTRACT

Background: As far as we know, no studies have been conducted to identify the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Medina. Hence, the present study was aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina. The factors influencing these psychological problems were also analyzed. Methodology: A cross-sectional study of 50 cancer patients was conducted at King Fahad Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia, between November 2018 and October 2019. Patients with a history of psychiatric disorder other than depression and anxiety, those with cognitive dysfunction, and those who could not communicate in Arabic or English were excluded. We conducted a structured face-to-face clinical interview using two validated questionnaires: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 patientís questionnaire. Results: Among 50 participants, the anxiety and depression prevalence rates were 38% and 52%, respectively. Low educational background and low monthly income were predictive for depression. The cancer site had a significant association with anxiety. Conclusion: Depression and anxiety were found highly prevalent in cancer patients in Medina. We suggest to screen cancer patients in health care for depression and anxiety to make reference information that could enhance patient outcomes. This information could help the healthcare worker to develop guidelines to deal with mental health as a significant issue with this disease.

Keywords:
Cancer, anxiety, depression, PHQ-9, GAD-7, Saudi.


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The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nasser Mulla
Assistant professor, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mernan Hussain Alsharif
Assistant professor, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghadir Hamzah Badr
Assistant professor, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zenab Ali A Alobidi
Assistant professor, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anhar Abdullah Alahmadi Alharbi
Assistant professor, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Nasser Mulla, Assistant professor, College of medicine, Taibah university, Medina, Saudi Arabia; nmulla@taibahu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 31 Aug 2020
Accepted 26 Sep 2020
Published online 05 Oct 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Mulla N, Alsharif MH, Badr GH, Alobidi ZAA, Alharbi AAA. The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


Web Style

Mulla N, Alsharif MH, Badr GH, Alobidi ZAA, Alharbi AAA. The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=130406 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mulla N, Alsharif MH, Badr GH, Alobidi ZAA, Alharbi AAA. The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mulla N, Alsharif MH, Badr GH, Alobidi ZAA, Alharbi AAA. The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


Harvard Style

Mulla, N., Alsharif, . M. H., Badr, . G. H., Alobidi, . Z. A. A. & Alharbi, . A. A. A. (2020) The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


Turabian Style

Mulla, Nasser, Mernan Hussain Alsharif, Ghadir Hamzah Badr, Zenab Ali A Alobidi, and Anhar Abdullah Alahmadi Alharbi. 2020. The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


Chicago Style

Mulla, Nasser, Mernan Hussain Alsharif, Ghadir Hamzah Badr, Zenab Ali A Alobidi, and Anhar Abdullah Alahmadi Alharbi. "The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mulla, Nasser, Mernan Hussain Alsharif, Ghadir Hamzah Badr, Zenab Ali A Alobidi, and Anhar Abdullah Alahmadi Alharbi. "The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1623-1629. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mulla, N., Alsharif, . M. H., Badr, . G. H., Alobidi, . Z. A. A. & Alharbi, . A. A. A. (2020) The frequency and associated factors of anxiety and depression among cancer patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1623-1629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598879964


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