Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1614-1622

Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mohammad K. Alsaleem, Hassan A. Alalwan, Abdullah M. AlKhars, Abdullah H. Al Huwaiyshil, Ahmed Z. AlKhars, Ola H. AlGhadeer.

ABSTRACT

Background: Most of the population in Saudi Arabia do not use a good source of information to obtain sufficient knowledge about the disease, which predisposes them highly to the risk of osteoporosis. Therefore, we conducted a study to know the awareness, knowledge, and source of information about osteoporosis among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study with a stage sampling technique was conducted in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia to evaluate the awareness, knowledge, and sources of information on osteoporosis and its related risk factor among women aged 18 years and above. The survey was distributed and published in social media. The associations between knowledge and socio-demographic characteristics of participants were tested using independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests. ANOVA tests were followed by Tukeyís post-hoc test. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: A total of 1,100 females filled the survey. There was no significant difference in knowledge score between age groups, place of residency, or educational level. However, a significant difference in the mean score of knowledge was present across the income level. Although 63.6% of the participants had a bachelorís degree and 2.4% had an education higher than that, 60.3% had poor knowledge, 37.5% had a moderate experience, and only 2.3% had high knowledge. Most of the participants do not trust their source of information, but they were using it either way; the commonest sources were the internet (61%), social media (41.1%), and healthcare providers (28.5%). Conclusion: Most of the females in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia do not have sufficient knowledge about osteoporosis. The source of information among the majority was from the internet.

Keywords:
Osteoporosis, females, knowledge, awareness, risk factors


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Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mohammad K Alsaleem
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hassan A Alalwan
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah M AlKhars
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah H Al Huwaiyshil
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmed Z AlKhars
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ola H AlGhadeer
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdullah H. Al Huwaiyshil, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia.; aha874@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 30 Aug 2020
Accepted 12 Sep 2020
Published online 24 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alsaleem MK, Alalwan HA, AlKhars AM, Huwaiyshil AHA, AlKhars AZ, AlGhadeer OH. Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


Web Style

Alsaleem MK, Alalwan HA, AlKhars AM, Huwaiyshil AHA, AlKhars AZ, AlGhadeer OH. Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=130136 [Access: November 26, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsaleem MK, Alalwan HA, AlKhars AM, Huwaiyshil AHA, AlKhars AZ, AlGhadeer OH. Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsaleem MK, Alalwan HA, AlKhars AM, Huwaiyshil AHA, AlKhars AZ, AlGhadeer OH. Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 26, 2020]; 4(10): 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


Harvard Style

Alsaleem, M. K., Alalwan, . H. A., AlKhars, . A. M., Huwaiyshil, . A. H. A., AlKhars, . A. Z. & AlGhadeer, . O. H. (2020) Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


Turabian Style

Alsaleem, Mohammad K., Hassan A. Alalwan, Abdullah M. AlKhars, Abdullah H. Al Huwaiyshil, Ahmed Z. AlKhars, and Ola H. AlGhadeer. 2020. Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


Chicago Style

Alsaleem, Mohammad K., Hassan A. Alalwan, Abdullah M. AlKhars, Abdullah H. Al Huwaiyshil, Ahmed Z. AlKhars, and Ola H. AlGhadeer. "Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsaleem, Mohammad K., Hassan A. Alalwan, Abdullah M. AlKhars, Abdullah H. Al Huwaiyshil, Ahmed Z. AlKhars, and Ola H. AlGhadeer. "Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1614-1622. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsaleem, M. K., Alalwan, . H. A., AlKhars, . A. M., Huwaiyshil, . A. H. A., AlKhars, . A. Z. & AlGhadeer, . O. H. (2020) Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among females in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1614-1622. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598797771


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