Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1630-1635

The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mariam Ali Al-Garni, Roaa Mansour Alqabbaa, Noha Hassan Qummosani, Dhuha Mazen Khesfaty, Abaad Fahad Almutairi, Hind Abdullah Al-Najashi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Headache disorders are considered as the second cause of disability worldwide and a common issue we encounter in the neurology department. Currently, there is a lack of retrospective cross-sectional studies regarding headache prevalence in Saudi Arabia. We aim to determine headache prevalence and the methods of healthcare utilization at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out at KAUH through chart reviews by searching all codes for headache in the medical records. Our sample included adults above 18 years who visited the neurology department because of headache between 2018 and 2019, which totaled 45 patients. Data were analyzed by frequency and chi-square test using IBMís Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Statistics (Version 21). Results: Chronic migraine (CM) was the most prevalent type of headache (16 patients, 35.6%), followed by unspecified headache (13, 28.9%), episodic migraine (5, 11.1%), and tension-type headache (3, 6.7%). Women were more prone to headaches (33, 73.3%). Also, we found that headache disorders were more frequent among patients aged between 26 and 36 years (18, 40%). Medications used were paracetamol (32 patients, 71.1%) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (13, 28.9%). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for most of the patients in our sample, and most of the studies were normal. Complete blood count was the most frequent laboratory test done (42, 93.3%). Conclusions: The most prevalent type of headache at KAUH was CM, and women were affected more than men. The most frequent age group was 26-36 years. Another essential aspect was that most of the MRI studies showed normal results.

Keywords:
Saudi Arabia, headache, primary headache, disability


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The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mariam Ali Al-Garni
Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Roaa Mansour Alqabbaa
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Noha Hassan Qummosani
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Dhuha Mazen Khesfaty
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abaad Fahad Almutairi
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hind Abdullah Al-Najashi
Department of Neurology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Mariam Ali Al-Garni, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.; maryamalgarni@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 01 Sep 2020
Accepted 12 Sep 2020
Published online 30 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Al-Garni MA, Alqabbaa RM, Qummosani NH, Khesfaty DM, Almutairi AF, Al-Najashi HA. The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


Web Style

Al-Garni MA, Alqabbaa RM, Qummosani NH, Khesfaty DM, Almutairi AF, Al-Najashi HA. The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=130639 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Garni MA, Alqabbaa RM, Qummosani NH, Khesfaty DM, Almutairi AF, Al-Najashi HA. The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Garni MA, Alqabbaa RM, Qummosani NH, Khesfaty DM, Almutairi AF, Al-Najashi HA. The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


Harvard Style

Al-Garni, M. A., Alqabbaa, . R. M., Qummosani, . N. H., Khesfaty, . D. M., Almutairi, . A. F. & Al-Najashi, . H. A. (2020) The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


Turabian Style

Al-Garni, Mariam Ali, Roaa Mansour Alqabbaa, Noha Hassan Qummosani, Dhuha Mazen Khesfaty, Abaad Fahad Almutairi, and Hind Abdullah Al-Najashi. 2020. The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


Chicago Style

Al-Garni, Mariam Ali, Roaa Mansour Alqabbaa, Noha Hassan Qummosani, Dhuha Mazen Khesfaty, Abaad Fahad Almutairi, and Hind Abdullah Al-Najashi. "The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Garni, Mariam Ali, Roaa Mansour Alqabbaa, Noha Hassan Qummosani, Dhuha Mazen Khesfaty, Abaad Fahad Almutairi, and Hind Abdullah Al-Najashi. "The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1630-1635. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Garni, M. A., Alqabbaa, . R. M., Qummosani, . N. H., Khesfaty, . D. M., Almutairi, . A. F. & Al-Najashi, . H. A. (2020) The burden of headache disorder at the neurology department in a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1630-1635. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598957483


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