Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1527-1532

Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Anas Kalel, Abeer Habeeb Almutairi, Aeshah Musallam Alyahiwi, Anoud Ammar Jalaluddin, Marwah Awad Aljohani, Rahaf Marzouq Aloufi, Rawan Moraished Almatrafi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous studies on the effect of coffee on human health and serum lipids showed mixed conclusions about whether coffee consumption is beneficial or harmful. We evaluated the impact of coffee with different types and preparation methods on the serum lipid profile. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between coffee consumption and coffee types on each component of the lipid profile. Methodology: In this observational, case-control study, we included 75 patients with dyslipidemia and 75 patients who did not have dyslipidemia, using their lipid profile in the medical records. Dyslipidemia was= defined using the lipid profile levels from the Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines. None of the patients was on an antihyperlipidemic medication. A questionnaire given to all participants was compiled to determine their coffee consumption. The primary outcome was the association between coffee consumption and dyslipidemia. Results: Of the population studied, individuals who reported drinking coffee showed a 76% higher risk of dyslipidemia than their counterparts. However, this was not statistically significant (OR = 1.76; 95% CI = 0.74-4.19, p = 0.196). Concerning the lipid profile content, cholesterol level was highest among participants who drank a combination of Arabic/Turkish and black coffee (5.48 1.14) and lowest among those who drank Arabic coffee alone (4.51 1.03, p = 0.001). Conclusion: We found that individuals who reported drinking coffee showed a higher risk of dyslipidemia than their counterparts. However, this was not statistically significant.

Keywords:
Arabic coffee, Turkish coffee, black coffee, serum lipid, dyslipidemia


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Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Anas Kalel
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abeer Habeeb Almutairi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aeshah Musallam Alyahiwi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anoud Ammar Jalaluddin
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Marwah Awad Aljohani
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahaf Marzouq Aloufi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan Moraished Almatrafi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Anas Kalel, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; anas.kalel@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 13 Aug 2020
Accepted 27 Aug 2020
Published online 03 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Kalel A, Almutairi AH, Alyahiwi AM, Jalaluddin AA, Aljohani MA, Aloufi RM, Almatrafi RM. Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


Web Style

Kalel A, Almutairi AH, Alyahiwi AM, Jalaluddin AA, Aljohani MA, Aloufi RM, Almatrafi RM. Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=118238 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kalel A, Almutairi AH, Alyahiwi AM, Jalaluddin AA, Aljohani MA, Aloufi RM, Almatrafi RM. Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kalel A, Almutairi AH, Alyahiwi AM, Jalaluddin AA, Aljohani MA, Aloufi RM, Almatrafi RM. Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


Harvard Style

Kalel, A., Almutairi, . A. H., Alyahiwi, . A. M., Jalaluddin, . A. A., Aljohani, . M. A., Aloufi, . R. M. & Almatrafi, . R. M. (2020) Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


Turabian Style

Kalel, Anas, Abeer Habeeb Almutairi, Aeshah Musallam Alyahiwi, Anoud Ammar Jalaluddin, Marwah Awad Aljohani, Rahaf Marzouq Aloufi, and Rawan Moraished Almatrafi. 2020. Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


Chicago Style

Kalel, Anas, Abeer Habeeb Almutairi, Aeshah Musallam Alyahiwi, Anoud Ammar Jalaluddin, Marwah Awad Aljohani, Rahaf Marzouq Aloufi, and Rawan Moraished Almatrafi. "Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kalel, Anas, Abeer Habeeb Almutairi, Aeshah Musallam Alyahiwi, Anoud Ammar Jalaluddin, Marwah Awad Aljohani, Rahaf Marzouq Aloufi, and Rawan Moraished Almatrafi. "Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1527-1532. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kalel, A., Almutairi, . A. H., Alyahiwi, . A. M., Jalaluddin, . A. A., Aljohani, . M. A., Aloufi, . R. M. & Almatrafi, . R. M. (2020) Effect of coffee consumption on serum lipid profile among adult population in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1527-1532. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592983718


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