Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1533-1536

The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ali Saeed Al-Shaleel, Teaf Ali Thabet, Mohammad Hassan Alshehri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Obstructive jaundice is a common illness in the elderly population. The frequency of disease is higher among female than male, and the most frequent cause of the obstructive disease is gallstones. This study aimed to study the relationship between obstructive jaundice and body mass index (BMI) in Saudi population. Methods: A case-control study was conducted as the files of patients who were admitted to the Surgery Department in Aseer Central Hospital from July 2016 to July 2017 were reviewed and classified into cases, which were the patients diagnosed with obstructive jaundice, and controls, which were the patients who were free of having any biliary disorder. Results: The study included 174 cases and 170 controls. About 7% of cases and controls aged less than 30 years, and also, 28% of cases aged above 50 years compared to 25% of controls with no recorded statistical significance. As for gender, 69% of cases were females compared to 63.5% of controls without a marked significant difference. It was found that 2.9% of cases were underweight compared to 6.5% of controls. Furthermore, 26.4% of cases were obese compared to 7.6% of controls. Crude relationship between BMI and jaundice revealed that patients with overweight had 50% more risk for having obstructive jaundice than patients with normal weights (odds ratio = 1.5; 95% confidence interval: 1.1-2.6), which became 70% after adjusting for age and gender. Conclusion: Overweight and obesity were significantly associated with having obstructive jaundice, especially among females. Researchers recommended that more attention should be paid for females with increased weights to avoid developing biliary disorders by modifying lifestyle and weight control.

Keywords:
Overweight, obesity, jaundice, biliary disorders, gallstones.


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The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ali Saeed Al-Shaleel
College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Teaf Ali Thabet
College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammad Hassan Alshehri
Department of Endocrine Surgery, Laprascopic and Bariatric Surgery, King Faisal Medical City, Abha, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ali Saeed Al-Shaleel, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.; ferare_2014@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 25 Jun 2020
Accepted 08 Jul 2020
Published online 12 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Al-Shaleel AS, Thabet TA, Alshehri MH. The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


Web Style

Al-Shaleel AS, Thabet TA, Alshehri MH. The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=118373 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Shaleel AS, Thabet TA, Alshehri MH. The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Shaleel AS, Thabet TA, Alshehri MH. The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


Harvard Style

Al-Shaleel, A. S., Thabet, . T. A. & Alshehri, . M. H. (2020) The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


Turabian Style

Al-Shaleel, Ali Saeed, Teaf Ali Thabet, and Mohammad Hassan Alshehri. 2020. The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


Chicago Style

Al-Shaleel, Ali Saeed, Teaf Ali Thabet, and Mohammad Hassan Alshehri. "The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Shaleel, Ali Saeed, Teaf Ali Thabet, and Mohammad Hassan Alshehri. "The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1533-1536. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Shaleel, A. S., Thabet, . T. A. & Alshehri, . M. H. (2020) The relation between obstructive jaundice and body mass index in Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1533-1536. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592996761


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