Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1520-1526

Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Muneerah Alhumaidy, Yasmeen Al-Mulhim, Walaa Alabdullah, Fatimah Mohammed Ahmed Alshakhs, Mareyah Abdulrahman Alshaikh Husain, Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie, Zahra Zuhair Falah Al Khalifah.

ABSTRACT

Background: Febrile convulsion (FC) is defined as seizures that are provoked by a fever of extracranial infective origin and occur in children aged between 6 months and 5 years. This study aimed at determining the percentage of febrile seizures in children and infants in Saudi Arabia and assessing some of the clinical and demographic characteristics of those children. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional, community-based study conducted in different areas of Saudi Arabia. Data were collected through filling a predesigned online disseminated questionnaire which guided us to the needed data. We utilized the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences program version 16 for data analysis. The χ2 test was used as a test of significance, and differences were considered significant at a P-value less than 0.05. Results: The prevalence of FCs was 6.8% and it was significantly more common in females than males (p < 0.04). The age of onset of FCs was 12-16 months in 40.9% and 0-6 months in 20.5%. A family history of FCs was found in 31.8%. The duration of the fits was more than 30 minutes in 18.2%. Body temperature during the fits was >38C in 43.2% and 56.8% of the children were unconscious during the fits. Only 9.1% of the cases bit their tongue during the fits, 59.1% had abnormal eye movements, 22.7% vomited during the fits, 56.8% were unconscious, and 40.9% of the children had weakness in one or more limbs during the fits. At the beginning of the fits, the mother, in 68.2% of the cases, rushed the child to the hospital and 15.9% of mothers tried to manage the childs body temperature, but finally, the majority of cases (75%) were treated in the hospital. Conclusion: In our study, the prevalence of FCs among children in Saudi Arabia was 6.8%. The results reported the prevalence to be significantly more common in females than males, but they were insignificantly related to the age group, birth weight, type of delivery, complications of pregnancy, hospital admission after birth, gestational age, or consanguinity between parents.

Keywords:
Febrile convulsions, children, prevalence, risk factors, Saudi Arabia.


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Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Muneerah Alhumaidy
KCollege of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yasmeen Al-Mulhim
KCollege of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Walaa Alabdullah
KCollege of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fatimah Mohammed Ahmed Alshakhs
KCollege of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mareyah Abdulrahman Alshaikh Husain
KCollege of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie
KCollege of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zahra Zuhair Falah Al Khalifah
College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Eastern Province, Alqatif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie, College Of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia.; Zahraaalsubaie@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 17 Jun 2020
Accepted 07 Aug 2020
Published online 09 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alhumaidy M, Al-Mulhim Y, Alabdullah W, Alshakhs FMA, Husain MAA, Alsubaie ZA, Khalifah ZZFA. Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


Web Style

Alhumaidy M, Al-Mulhim Y, Alabdullah W, Alshakhs FMA, Husain MAA, Alsubaie ZA, Khalifah ZZFA. Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=115864 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhumaidy M, Al-Mulhim Y, Alabdullah W, Alshakhs FMA, Husain MAA, Alsubaie ZA, Khalifah ZZFA. Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhumaidy M, Al-Mulhim Y, Alabdullah W, Alshakhs FMA, Husain MAA, Alsubaie ZA, Khalifah ZZFA. Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


Harvard Style

Alhumaidy, M., Al-Mulhim, . Y., Alabdullah, . W., Alshakhs, . F. M. A., Husain, . M. A. A., Alsubaie, . Z. A. & Khalifah, . Z. Z. F. A. (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


Turabian Style

Alhumaidy, Muneerah, Yasmeen Al-Mulhim, Walaa Alabdullah, Fatimah Mohammed Ahmed Alshakhs, Mareyah Abdulrahman Alshaikh Husain, Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie, and Zahra Zuhair Falah Al Khalifah. 2020. Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


Chicago Style

Alhumaidy, Muneerah, Yasmeen Al-Mulhim, Walaa Alabdullah, Fatimah Mohammed Ahmed Alshakhs, Mareyah Abdulrahman Alshaikh Husain, Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie, and Zahra Zuhair Falah Al Khalifah. "Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhumaidy, Muneerah, Yasmeen Al-Mulhim, Walaa Alabdullah, Fatimah Mohammed Ahmed Alshakhs, Mareyah Abdulrahman Alshaikh Husain, Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie, and Zahra Zuhair Falah Al Khalifah. "Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1520-1526. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhumaidy, M., Al-Mulhim, . Y., Alabdullah, . W., Alshakhs, . F. M. A., Husain, . M. A. A., Alsubaie, . Z. A. & Khalifah, . Z. Z. F. A. (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of febrile convulsions among infants and children in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1520-1526. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592374528


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