IJMDC. 2020; 4(7): 1092-1096

Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program

Authors: Khalid Sulaiman Masmali, Hussain Mohsen Maashi, Mohammed Ali Hussain Ayyashi, Ibrahim Mohammed Alnami, Abualqasim Abdullah Masmali, Sultan Ali MusaThubab.

ABSTRACT

The use of the Medication Error Reporting and Monitoring Program (MERP) helps us to understand more about how and why medication errors (MEs) happen and has the potential to inform how we can improve the safety of medicinal use to prevent patient harm. The study aimed to review the studies discussing the pharmacist-initiated MERP and assess the most common medical errors and the causes of its incidence. PubMed was used for systematic search. The main search was carried out with the keywords: MERP and medical errors. The inclusion criteria included international studies, studies that were carried out in the kingdom, original articles, prospective and retrospective studies, cross‑sectional studies, and surveys. From the reviewed studies, MERP found that the frequent types of MEs were prescribing and improper dose/quantity. The most pharmacological classes of medication frequently involved with MEs were antibiotics, antihypertensive agents, and oral hypoglycemic agents. The most common reported causes of MEs were nonspecific performance deficit, knowledge deficit, and illegible or unclear handwriting. The study concludes that a clinical pharmacist initiated a nonpunitive anonymous ME reporting system that could improve the patient safety. Accurate medical error reporting is crucial for reducing the incidence of such errors and their adverse effects. Future studies needed to assess the impact of interventions to stimulate MEs reporting by the pharmacist in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:
Pharmacist-initiated medication, error reporting, monitoring program


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Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program


Authors
Khalid Sulaiman Masmali
Pharmacist, Armed Forces Hospitals, Alhada, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hussain Mohsen Maashi
Pharmacist, Armed Forces Hospitals, Alhada, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Ali Hussain Ayyashi
Pharmacist, Armed Forces Hospitals, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim Mohammed Alnami
Pharmacist, Spimaco Addwaeih, Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abualqasim Abdullah Masmali
Pharmacist, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Ali MusaThubab
Pharmacist, Armed Forces Hospitals, Alhada, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Khalid Sulaiman Masmali, Pharmacist, Armed Forces Hospitals, Alhada, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; khaled-s2010@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 25 Dec 2019
Accepted 14 Jan 2020
Published online 14 Jan 2020
Published in print 10 Jul 2020

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Pubmed Style

Masmali KS, Maashi HM, Ayyashi MAH, Alnami IM, Masmali AA, MusaThubab SA. Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. IJMDC. 2020; 4(7): 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


Web Style

Masmali KS, Maashi HM, Ayyashi MAH, Alnami IM, Masmali AA, MusaThubab SA. Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=79393 [Access: August 04, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Masmali KS, Maashi HM, Ayyashi MAH, Alnami IM, Masmali AA, MusaThubab SA. Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. IJMDC. 2020; 4(7): 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Masmali KS, Maashi HM, Ayyashi MAH, Alnami IM, Masmali AA, MusaThubab SA. Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 04, 2020]; 4(7): 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


Harvard Style

Masmali, K. S., Maashi, . H. M., Ayyashi, . M. A. H., Alnami, . I. M., Masmali, . A. A. & MusaThubab, . S. A. (2020) Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. IJMDC, 4 (7), 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


Turabian Style

Masmali, Khalid Sulaiman, Hussain Mohsen Maashi, Mohammed Ali Hussain Ayyashi, Ibrahim Mohammed Alnami, Abualqasim Abdullah Masmali, and Sultan Ali MusaThubab. 2020. Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (7), 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


Chicago Style

Masmali, Khalid Sulaiman, Hussain Mohsen Maashi, Mohammed Ali Hussain Ayyashi, Ibrahim Mohammed Alnami, Abualqasim Abdullah Masmali, and Sultan Ali MusaThubab. "Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Masmali, Khalid Sulaiman, Hussain Mohsen Maashi, Mohammed Ali Hussain Ayyashi, Ibrahim Mohammed Alnami, Abualqasim Abdullah Masmali, and Sultan Ali MusaThubab. "Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.7 (2020), 1092-1096. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Masmali, K. S., Maashi, . H. M., Ayyashi, . M. A. H., Alnami, . I. M., Masmali, . A. A. & MusaThubab, . S. A. (2020) Pharmacist-initiated medication error reporting and monitoring program. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (7), 1092-1096. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577306617


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