Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 435-440

Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulelah Saud Alharbi, Shumoukh Saleh AlAfnan, Mohammad Naem Alamri, Khadija Yusuf Alansari, Ohoud Abdulrahman Alobaid, Motaz Saeed Alqahtani, Bader Aziz Alharbi, Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Skin cancers are the most commonly diagnosed of all cancers. It is a global public health problem that differentially affects the residents of geographic regions where ultraviolet radiation has greater penetration. This study aims to investigate the knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the adult population in the western region, Saudi Arabia. Questionnaires were used in data collection. The questionnaire included questions about sociodemographic factors and awareness of melanoma and the importance of self-examination. A statistical analysis was conducted using STATA 12 software. Intergroup differences were compared using the t-test. Results: The sample included 874 responders who filled an online survey sent to their e-mails. The whiteskinned population had the highest exposure to the sun (p = 0.0001), and also, their skin gets inflamed or burned when exposed to the sun (p = 0.0001); moreover, they had higher knowledge of skin cancers (p =0.008), and they are the most affected population with melanoma (p = 0.0001). However, they lack information regarding regular checkups, alarming signs of skin cancer transformation, prognosis, and the most common sites of skin cancers. Knowledge of females regarding skin cancer prognosis and general knowledge of risk factors of its development were significantly higher when compared to males, with p-value 0.006 and 0.017, respectively. Conclusion: People living in the western area of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia significantly lack an adequate knowledge regarding skin cancers, less regular examination, and less sun exposure. Age, gender, and skin color were the associated factors related to knowledge regarding skin cancers. Additional efforts should be made to improve the population's perspective, particularly men, on skin cancer prevention.

Keywords:
Skin cancers, melanoma, knowledge, self-examination, Saudi Arabia


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Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulelah Saud Alharbi
Intern, Qassim University, Qassim Arrass, Saudi Arabia
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Shumoukh Saleh AlAfnan
Student, University Of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammad Naem Alamri
Student, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Khadija Yusuf Alansari
Intern, Arabian Gulf University, Eastern Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Ohoud Abdulrahman Alobaid
Student, Majmmah University, Majmmah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Motaz Saeed Alqahtani
General surgery resident, King Fahad University Hospital KFUH, Eastern Khobar, Saudi Arabia
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Bader Aziz Alharbi
Student, Qassim University, Qassim Arrass, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi
Student, Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulelah Saud Alharbi, Intern, Qassim University, Qassim alrrass, Saudi Arabia.; abdulelahsaud1414@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 22 Dec 2019
Accepted 03 Jan 2020
Published online 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alharbi AS, AlAfnan SS, Alamri MN, Alansari KY, Alobaid OA, Alqahtani MS, Alharbi BA, Alhawsawi MZ. Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


Web Style

Alharbi AS, AlAfnan SS, Alamri MN, Alansari KY, Alobaid OA, Alqahtani MS, Alharbi BA, Alhawsawi MZ. Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=79003 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi AS, AlAfnan SS, Alamri MN, Alansari KY, Alobaid OA, Alqahtani MS, Alharbi BA, Alhawsawi MZ. Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi AS, AlAfnan SS, Alamri MN, Alansari KY, Alobaid OA, Alqahtani MS, Alharbi BA, Alhawsawi MZ. Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


Harvard Style

Alharbi, A. S., AlAfnan, . S. S., Alamri, . M. N., Alansari, . K. Y., Alobaid, . O. A., Alqahtani, . M. S., Alharbi, . B. A. & Alhawsawi, . M. Z. (2020) Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


Turabian Style

Alharbi, Abdulelah Saud, Shumoukh Saleh AlAfnan, Mohammad Naem Alamri, Khadija Yusuf Alansari, Ohoud Abdulrahman Alobaid, Motaz Saeed Alqahtani, Bader Aziz Alharbi, and Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi. 2020. Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


Chicago Style

Alharbi, Abdulelah Saud, Shumoukh Saleh AlAfnan, Mohammad Naem Alamri, Khadija Yusuf Alansari, Ohoud Abdulrahman Alobaid, Motaz Saeed Alqahtani, Bader Aziz Alharbi, and Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi. "Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Abdulelah Saud, Shumoukh Saleh AlAfnan, Mohammad Naem Alamri, Khadija Yusuf Alansari, Ohoud Abdulrahman Alobaid, Motaz Saeed Alqahtani, Bader Aziz Alharbi, and Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi. "Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 435-440. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, A. S., AlAfnan, . S. S., Alamri, . M. N., Alansari, . K. Y., Alobaid, . O. A., Alqahtani, . M. S., Alharbi, . B. A. & Alhawsawi, . M. Z. (2020) Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 435-440. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448


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