Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 169-178

Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi1, Youssef Fayez Horaib2, Zainab Ali Alabbas3, Ahmed Hassan Alsomali4, Sarah Sameer Bin Mohaimeed5, Nujud Mohammed Alshehri2, Alaa Ali Alabbas5, Zahra Mohammed Alkhatem5.

ABSTRACT

Background: Child abuse is a worldwide problem that affects seriously the health and welfare of children. Parents have a key role to avoid or prevent the exposure of their children to abuse. The study was conducted to assess the awareness about child rights and the most important ways to detect child abuse among the parents and to investigate the risk and protective factors associated with prevalence rates and impact and the parents' role in cases of abuse in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A questionnaire was distributed among the general public in Riyadh City. The questionnaire consisted of questions about socio-demographic data of the respondents, as well as other questions that explored the awareness and knowledge about child abuse. The respondents were assorted into two groups according to the total knowledge score. Results: The respondents showed good knowledge of physical neglect, educational neglect, and physical abuse. According to the respondents, the most common types of abuse in the community where emotional and physical abuse; the most common risk factors were psychiatric illnesses and low educational level; the most common perpetrators were strangers, drivers, house servants, classmates, teachers, fathers, and mothers in that order. A high percentage of respondents did not know places that can help in dealing with abuse cases. Conclusion: The respondents displayed a fair level of knowledge about the types of abuse, the most common risk factors, and the effective methods to protect the children against abuse. However, defects in their knowledge were detected as regards what constitutes physical child abuse and where to seek aid if abuse is suspected.

Keywords:
Child abuse, battered child syndrome, child neglect


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Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi1
Department of Pediatrics, Al Yamamah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Youssef Fayez Horaib2
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Zainab Ali Alabbas3
Department of Pediatrics, Maternity and Children Hospital, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Hassan Alsomali4
Department of Internal Medicine, Al Umran General Hospital, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Sameer Bin Mohaimeed5
Department of Dentistry, Alfarabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Nujud Mohammed Alshehri2
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Alaa Ali Alabbas5
Department of Dentistry, Alfarabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Zahra Mohammed Alkhatem5
Department of Dentistry, Alfarabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Youssef Fayez Horaib, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; dr.yfh90@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Nov 2019
Accepted 13 Dec 2019
Published online 30 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alqurashi MM, Horaib YF, Alabbas ZA, Alsomali AH, Mohaimeed SSB, Alshehri NM, Alabbas AA, Alkhatem ZM. Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


Web Style

Alqurashi MM, Horaib YF, Alabbas ZA, Alsomali AH, Mohaimeed SSB, Alshehri NM, Alabbas AA, Alkhatem ZM. Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=73980 [Access: January 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alqurashi MM, Horaib YF, Alabbas ZA, Alsomali AH, Mohaimeed SSB, Alshehri NM, Alabbas AA, Alkhatem ZM. Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alqurashi MM, Horaib YF, Alabbas ZA, Alsomali AH, Mohaimeed SSB, Alshehri NM, Alabbas AA, Alkhatem ZM. Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 25, 2020]; 4(1): 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


Harvard Style

Alqurashi, M. M., Horaib, . Y. F., Alabbas, . Z. A., Alsomali, . A. H., Mohaimeed, . S. S. B., Alshehri, . N. M., Alabbas, . A. A. & Alkhatem, . Z. M. (2020) Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (1), 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


Turabian Style

Alqurashi, Mansour Mohammed, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Zainab Ali Alabbas, Ahmed Hassan Alsomali, Sarah Sameer Bin Mohaimeed, Nujud Mohammed Alshehri, Alaa Ali Alabbas, and Zahra Mohammed Alkhatem. 2020. Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


Chicago Style

Alqurashi, Mansour Mohammed, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Zainab Ali Alabbas, Ahmed Hassan Alsomali, Sarah Sameer Bin Mohaimeed, Nujud Mohammed Alshehri, Alaa Ali Alabbas, and Zahra Mohammed Alkhatem. "Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alqurashi, Mansour Mohammed, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Zainab Ali Alabbas, Ahmed Hassan Alsomali, Sarah Sameer Bin Mohaimeed, Nujud Mohammed Alshehri, Alaa Ali Alabbas, and Zahra Mohammed Alkhatem. "Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 169-178. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alqurashi, M. M., Horaib, . Y. F., Alabbas, . Z. A., Alsomali, . A. H., Mohaimeed, . S. S. B., Alshehri, . N. M., Alabbas, . A. A. & Alkhatem, . Z. M. (2020) Awareness and knowledge of parents about child abuse among the general population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 169-178. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573927337


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