Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 165-168

Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study

Authors: Muhannad Abuljood, Omar Mansi, Abdulrahman Dad.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hydrocephalus is a common condition in which cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) accumulates in the brain which eventually causes ventricular dilatation. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of infantile hydrocephalus in Madinah, Saudi Arabia from 2016 to 2017. Methodology: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at Maternity and Children Hospital which is considered as the main pediatric hospital in Al Madinah city. All cases diagnosed with hydrocephalus during the first year of their life were included. The data required for the study was collected from the patient's files, hospital data system, and previous studies. Descriptive analysis was done, where numbers and percentages were used to present all categorical variables. Results: Totally, 33 confirmed cases of infantile hydrocephalus were observed. The calculated prevalence was 1.1 per 1,000 live births. Of these 33 cases, 17 were boys and 16 were girls. Age ranged from 1 day to 336 days. Majority of the confirmed cases had congenital obstructive hydrocephalus (21 cases), while nine cases had communicating hydrocephalus and three babies had acquired obstructive hydrocephalus. Conclusion: A decline in the prevalence has been validated in the present study. Studies done in Saudi Arabia exhibited lower proportion in comparison from the studies done abroad. Although more research studies are needed to validate this claim as there are certain factors that should be considered such as the duration of data collection and study settings.

Keywords:
Hydrocephalus, infantile, epidemiology, congenital


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Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study


Authors
Muhannad Abuljood
Medical Intern, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Omar Mansi
Medical Intern, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Dad
Medical Intern, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Muhannad Abuljood, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia; mabuljood@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Nov 2019
Accepted 08 Dec 2019
Published online 25 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Abuljood M, Mansi O, Dad A. Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


Web Style

Abuljood M, Mansi O, Dad A. Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=73967 [Access: August 06, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abuljood M, Mansi O, Dad A. Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abuljood M, Mansi O, Dad A. Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 06, 2020]; 4(1): 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


Harvard Style

Abuljood, M., Mansi, . O. & Dad, . A. (2020) Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. IJMDC, 4 (1), 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


Turabian Style

Abuljood, Muhannad, Omar Mansi, and Abdulrahman Dad. 2020. Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


Chicago Style

Abuljood, Muhannad, Omar Mansi, and Abdulrahman Dad. "Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abuljood, Muhannad, Omar Mansi, and Abdulrahman Dad. "Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 165-168. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abuljood, M., Mansi, . O. & Dad, . A. (2020) Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 165-168. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573917243


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