Original Research

IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 80-85

Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population

Authors: Kashyap Dahal, Prahlad Karki, Robin Maskey, Kunjang Sherpa, Madhab Lamsal, Apeksha Niraula.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death throughout the world. CAD has been recognized among younger age group more frequently even in Nepal. The present study thus aims to estimate the serum apolipoprotein B (Apo B) and Apo A, and inflammatory biomarkers in young patients of acute myocardial infarction attending the tertiary care center of eastern Nepal. Methodology: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted from August 2014 to July 2015. Thirty-eight patients aged 15-45 years presented with an acute myocardial infarction were enrolled. Eleven risk factors were studied in the study population. The study population was further divided into two groups: Group A: 35 years of age or less and Group B: 36-45 years of age. Results: Majority of the subjects were hypertensive with the history of smoking and alcohol intake. Serum Apo B was significantly raised as compared to the Apo A in the study population with serum hsCRP and uric acid being significantly higher in Group B as compared to Group A patients. Conclusion: This study concludes that Apo B/Apo A-1 ratio is a better predictor of myocardial infarction in young adults as compared with the conventional lipid parameters and other biomarkers of inflammation (hsCRP and uric acid), respectively. Keywords: Myocardial infarction, young adults, lipoproteins/analysis, inflammation mediators.

Keywords:
Myocardial Infarction, Young Adults, Lipoproteins/analysis, Inflammation Mediators


View PDF
Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population


Authors
Kashyap Dahal
Department of Nephrology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Prahlad Karki
Department of Internal Medicine B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Robin Maskey
Department of Internal Medicine B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. Dharan, Nepal
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Kunjang Sherpa
Department of Cardiology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Madhab Lamsal
Department of Biochemistry, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. Dharan, Nepal
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Apeksha Niraula
Department of Biochemistry, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. Dharan, Nepal
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
Kashyap Dahal. Department of Nephrology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal; kashyapdahal2016@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Jun 2018
Revised 02 Aug 2018
Accepted 02 Sep 2018
Published in print 03 Oct 2018

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Dahal K, Karki P, Maskey R, Sherpa K, Lamsal M, Niraula A. Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


Web Style

Dahal K, Karki P, Maskey R, Sherpa K, Lamsal M, Niraula A. Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=301965 [Access: December 19, 2018]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dahal K, Karki P, Maskey R, Sherpa K, Lamsal M, Niraula A. Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dahal K, Karki P, Maskey R, Sherpa K, Lamsal M, Niraula A. Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. IJMDC. (2018), [cited December 19, 2018]; 2(3): 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


Harvard Style

Dahal, K., Karki, . P., Maskey, . R., Sherpa, . K., Lamsal, . M. & Niraula, . A. (2018) Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. IJMDC, 2 (3), 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


Turabian Style

Dahal, Kashyap, Prahlad Karki, Robin Maskey, Kunjang Sherpa, Madhab Lamsal, and Apeksha Niraula. 2018. Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 2 (3), 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


Chicago Style

Dahal, Kashyap, Prahlad Karki, Robin Maskey, Kunjang Sherpa, Madhab Lamsal, and Apeksha Niraula. "Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 2 (2018), 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dahal, Kashyap, Prahlad Karki, Robin Maskey, Kunjang Sherpa, Madhab Lamsal, and Apeksha Niraula. "Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 2.3 (2018), 80-85. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dahal, K., Karki, . P., Maskey, . R., Sherpa, . K., Lamsal, . M. & Niraula, . A. (2018) Risk factors of acute myocardial infarction in young adults of Nepalese population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 2 (3), 80-85. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1529054592


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Viewed: 454
Downloaded: 111
Cited: 0

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ejmcr.com.

Copyright © 2018 Discover Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved.