Original Research

IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 75-79

Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016

Authors: Aiman bin Basrun, Bayan Mohammed Aljawi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Smoking is one of the major risk factors for the occurrence of life-threatening diseases. Although there is prevalence of adult smokers, the data on smoking among transgenders in Malaysia are not widely available. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 45 transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang from 18 July 2016 to 26 August 2016 using convenience sampling. A self-administered questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic status, smoking status, smoking dependency behavior, and smoking cessation was distributed among the respondents. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows Version 23.0. Descriptive analysis and bi-variable analysis were described for different variables and chi-square test, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA were the tests used. Results: Out of 45 male-to-female transgenders, 44.4% were identified as smokers, either current smokers or former smokers. Majority of them were moderate smokers (50%) while only 5% had a high dependency. There was no significant difference (p > 0.005) between smoking status and age, income and educational background. For smoking behavior, 40% had a strong smoking behavioral score while there was a higher percentage (55%) of smoking transgenders who had never attempted smoking since its cessation in the past 12 months. Conclusion: The smoking prevalence among transgenders is almost equal to non-smoking transgenders. Keywords: Smoking, transgender, dependency, behavior.

Keywords:
Smoking, transgender, dependency, behavior


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Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016


Authors
Aiman bin Basrun
International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bayan Mohammed Aljawi
International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. Bayan Mohammed Aljawi, Naional guard hospital; bayanaljawi@icloud.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 18 Feb 2018
Accepted 25 Feb 2018
Published in print 03 Oct 2018

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Pubmed Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


Web Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=291414 [Access: October 17, 2018]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. IJMDC. (2018), [cited October 17, 2018]; 2(3): 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


Harvard Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi (2018) Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. IJMDC, 2 (3), 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


Turabian Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. 2018. Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 2 (3), 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


Chicago Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. "Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 2 (2018), 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi. "Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 2.3 (2018), 75-79. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aiman bin Basrun| Bayan Mohammed Aljawi (2018) Smoking and male-to-female (MTF) transgenders in Kuantan town, Pahang 2016. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 2 (3), 75-79. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1518969658


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