IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 60-66

Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study

Authors: Amira Ahmed Nemri, Shahd Al Aslany, Orjwan Abulaban, Ghaidaa Sindi, Shahad Zuhairy, Raoom Farsi, Salma Ayman Almosallam, Osama Yousof Safdar.

ABSTRACT

Background: Folic acid deficiency is one of the most common deficiencies among women of childbearing age. This deficiency can lead to neural tube defects, which are fatal for infants. This study was done to assess the knowledge of folate deficiency and use of folic acid among women of child bearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 1458 women aged 18-60 years in the 32 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (population: 28 160 273). A questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate awareness about folic acid. Results: In total, 64.1% of women used folic acid, 27.9% of women did not use it, and the remaining 8% did not remember using it. High willingness (84.2%) to use folic acid was reported. Women were very aware of defects and the major sources of information about folic acid were gynecology clinics (62.1%) and electronic media (31%). No significant differences (p value= 0.023) were reported among women of different regions. However, education level and occupation were related to significantly improved awareness. Material status and presence of pregnancy also affected the level of awareness. Conclusion: The findings indicate the importance of improving the awareness level of the importance of folic acid supplementation among women of childbearing age in Saudi Arabia. Promoting the advantage of taking folic acid during the ideal time to reduce incidents of NTD through proper education provided to women by health-care providers is suggested.

Keywords:
Folate deficiency; knowledge; folic acid; women of childbearing age; Saudi Arabia


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Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study


Authors
Amira Ahmed Nemri
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Shahd Al Aslany
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Orjwan Abulaban
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ghaidaa Sindi
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Shahad Zuhairy
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Raoom Farsi
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Salma Ayman Almosallam
Pediatric Nephrologist Center of Excellence, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Osama Yousof Safdar

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Correspondence to:
. ; a.nemri@hotmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 19 Nov 2018
Accepted 11 Dec 2018
Published in print 01 Feb 2019

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Pubmed Style

Nemri AA, Aslany SA, Abulaban O, Sindi G, Zuhairy S, Farsi R, Almosallam SA, Safdar OY. Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


Web Style

Nemri AA, Aslany SA, Abulaban O, Sindi G, Zuhairy S, Farsi R, Almosallam SA, Safdar OY. Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=17833 [Access: February 16, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nemri AA, Aslany SA, Abulaban O, Sindi G, Zuhairy S, Farsi R, Almosallam SA, Safdar OY. Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nemri AA, Aslany SA, Abulaban O, Sindi G, Zuhairy S, Farsi R, Almosallam SA, Safdar OY. Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2019), [cited February 16, 2019]; 3(1): 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


Harvard Style

Nemri, A. A., Aslany, . S. A., Abulaban, . O., Sindi, . G., Zuhairy, . S., Farsi, . R., Almosallam, . S. A. & Safdar, . O. Y. (2019) Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 3 (1), 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


Turabian Style

Nemri, Amira Ahmed, Shahd Al Aslany, Orjwan Abulaban, Ghaidaa Sindi, Shahad Zuhairy, Raoom Farsi, Salma Ayman Almosallam, and Osama Yousof Safdar. 2019. Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


Chicago Style

Nemri, Amira Ahmed, Shahd Al Aslany, Orjwan Abulaban, Ghaidaa Sindi, Shahad Zuhairy, Raoom Farsi, Salma Ayman Almosallam, and Osama Yousof Safdar. "Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nemri, Amira Ahmed, Shahd Al Aslany, Orjwan Abulaban, Ghaidaa Sindi, Shahad Zuhairy, Raoom Farsi, Salma Ayman Almosallam, and Osama Yousof Safdar. "Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.1 (2019), 60-66. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nemri, A. A., Aslany, . S. A., Abulaban, . O., Sindi, . G., Zuhairy, . S., Farsi, . R., Almosallam, . S. A. & Safdar, . O. Y. (2019) Folate deficiency knowledge and use of folic acid among women of childbearing age in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A population-based cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 60-66. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542585084


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