Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 67-73

Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015

Authors: Adel Salman Alsayyad, Hussain Abdullah Abu Zaid, Ahmed Ali Alsaad, Bassam Hassan Aljewayed, Ahmed Abdulhadi Alghanem, Abdullah Ahmed Alquraini, Ahmed Habib AlMadhari, Mohammed Alhassan.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension is globally prevalent and one of hypertension's complications that threat lives is the loss of appetite. Loss of appetite leads to weight loss and malnutrition which is associated with anemia, sarcopenia, bone loss and hip fractures, declining immune function and poor quality of life. This study determines the prevalence of loss of appetite among elderly hypertensive patients and the factors associated with it. Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out in Alahsa, Saudi Arabia during summer of 2015. A sample of 288 hypertensive patients of 60 years old and above were included. Outpatient clinics of four major hospitals were chosen to take the sample from them. Data were collected using a questionnaire which included three sections; socio demographic information, hypertension and loss of appetite and co-morbidities and lifestyle factors. Results: Ninety six patients out of the total sample 288 (33.3%) suffered from the loss of appetite. Older age and living alone was found to be linked with loss of appetite. Married hypertensive elders were less likely to get loss of appetite than those who were divorced or widowed. In this study, there was a significant relationship between drugs and loss of appetite. Smoking was a significant factor that caused loss of appetite. There was no significant relationship between anemia and loss of appetite, so was having other chronic diseases and physical activity. Conclusion: The study showed a positive relationship between loss of appetite and number of hypertension drugs, age, smoking, living alone, and being divorced or widowed.

Keywords:
Loss of appetite, hypertension, elderly, Saudi Arabia


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Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015


Authors
Adel Salman Alsayyad
Associate Professor of Family & Community Medicine. College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Hussain Abdullah Abu Zaid
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Ahmed Ali Alsaad
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Bassam Hassan Aljewayed
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Ahmed Abdulhadi Alghanem
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Abdullah Ahmed Alquraini
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Ahmed Habib AlMadhari
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Mohammed Alhassan
Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Correspondence to:
. Intern, College of Medicine & Medical Science, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain; dr.als3d@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 11 Nov 2018
Accepted 20 Dec 2018
Published in print 01 Feb 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alsayyad AS, Zaid HAA, Alsaad AA, Aljewayed BH, Alghanem AA, Alquraini AA, AlMadhari AH, Alhassan M. Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


Web Style

Alsayyad AS, Zaid HAA, Alsaad AA, Aljewayed BH, Alghanem AA, Alquraini AA, AlMadhari AH, Alhassan M. Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=16684 [Access: April 22, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsayyad AS, Zaid HAA, Alsaad AA, Aljewayed BH, Alghanem AA, Alquraini AA, AlMadhari AH, Alhassan M. Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsayyad AS, Zaid HAA, Alsaad AA, Aljewayed BH, Alghanem AA, Alquraini AA, AlMadhari AH, Alhassan M. Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. IJMDC. (2019), [cited April 22, 2019]; 3(1): 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


Harvard Style

Alsayyad, A. S., Zaid, . H. A. A., Alsaad, . A. A., Aljewayed, . B. H., Alghanem, . A. A., Alquraini, . A. A., AlMadhari, . A. H. & Alhassan, . M. (2019) Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. IJMDC, 3 (1), 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


Turabian Style

Alsayyad, Adel Salman, Hussain Abdullah Abu Zaid, Ahmed Ali Alsaad, Bassam Hassan Aljewayed, Ahmed Abdulhadi Alghanem, Abdullah Ahmed Alquraini, Ahmed Habib AlMadhari, and Mohammed Alhassan. 2019. Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


Chicago Style

Alsayyad, Adel Salman, Hussain Abdullah Abu Zaid, Ahmed Ali Alsaad, Bassam Hassan Aljewayed, Ahmed Abdulhadi Alghanem, Abdullah Ahmed Alquraini, Ahmed Habib AlMadhari, and Mohammed Alhassan. "Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsayyad, Adel Salman, Hussain Abdullah Abu Zaid, Ahmed Ali Alsaad, Bassam Hassan Aljewayed, Ahmed Abdulhadi Alghanem, Abdullah Ahmed Alquraini, Ahmed Habib AlMadhari, and Mohammed Alhassan. "Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.1 (2019), 67-73. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsayyad, A. S., Zaid, . H. A. A., Alsaad, . A. A., Aljewayed, . B. H., Alghanem, . A. A., Alquraini, . A. A., AlMadhari, . A. H. & Alhassan, . M. (2019) Loss of appetite in hypertensive elderly patients in Alahsa in Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2015. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 67-73. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541948164


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