Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1342-1348

Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Khalid Gaffer Mohamed, Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi, Yazeed Khalid D. Aljoahni, Abdulmajeed Muslih Zaidan Alamri, Mohammed Abdullah A. Saeed, Anas Ali M. Alzhrani, Raief Fahad Ali Alfriedy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has a high incidence rate and is a major health concern with high morbidity and mortality. Glycemic control is a key factor in the prevention of diabetic complications. Adequate patient follow-up with a primary care doctor or an endocrinologist is necessary to achieve a good glycemic control. We aim to assess the quality of follow-up in diabetic patients. Methodology: A retrospective, observational study was conducted among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. The data were collected using an electronically designed self-administered questionnaire distributed through an online survey. Results: A total of 600 type 2 DM patients responded to the questionnaire. Over 80% of the participants had elevated hemoglobin A1c (≥6.5%). Adherence to regular doctor follow-up was high (67%), and over half of the participants preferred to follow up at a diabetic center rather than primary healthcare centers. With regard to satisfaction with medical services, 44.5% rated the services very good (n = 267), 27.3% excellent (n = 164), 18.7% acceptable (n = 112), and 9.5% weak (n = 57). Participants with higher educational levels who followed up regularly at diabetes clinics had better glycemic control, lipid profiles, and kidney function tests. Participants living near diabetes clinics also had a better glycemic control. Most of the participants described themselves as a compliant. A minority described themselves as non-compliant and reported difficulty finding appointments as the main reason for their noncompliance. Conclusion: The results showed that 84% of participants reported an inadequate glycemic control. An effort must be done to increase awareness among primary-care physicians on the importance of referring diabetic patients to appropriate specialists.

Keywords:
Diabetes mellitus, glycemic control, follow-up, diabetic clinic


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Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Khalid Gaffer Mohamed
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yazeed Khalid D Aljoahni
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulmajeed Muslih Zaidan Alamri
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Abdullah A Saeed
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Anas Ali M Alzhrani
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Raief Fahad Ali Alfriedy
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; Ramialbadrani0@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 27 Jun 2020
Accepted 11 Jul 2020
Published online 02 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

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Pubmed Style

Mohamed KG, Alharbi ROM, Aljoahni YKD, Alamri AMZ, Saeed MAA, Alzhrani AAM, Alfriedy RFA. Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


Web Style

Mohamed KG, Alharbi ROM, Aljoahni YKD, Alamri AMZ, Saeed MAA, Alzhrani AAM, Alfriedy RFA. Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=118121 [Access: October 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohamed KG, Alharbi ROM, Aljoahni YKD, Alamri AMZ, Saeed MAA, Alzhrani AAM, Alfriedy RFA. Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohamed KG, Alharbi ROM, Aljoahni YKD, Alamri AMZ, Saeed MAA, Alzhrani AAM, Alfriedy RFA. Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 25, 2020]; 4(9): 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


Harvard Style

Mohamed, K. G., Alharbi, . R. O. M., Aljoahni, . Y. K. D., Alamri, . A. M. Z., Saeed, . M. A. A., Alzhrani, . A. A. M. & Alfriedy, . R. F. A. (2020) Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


Turabian Style

Mohamed, Khalid Gaffer, Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi, Yazeed Khalid D. Aljoahni, Abdulmajeed Muslih Zaidan Alamri, Mohammed Abdullah A. Saeed, Anas Ali M. Alzhrani, and Raief Fahad Ali Alfriedy. 2020. Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


Chicago Style

Mohamed, Khalid Gaffer, Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi, Yazeed Khalid D. Aljoahni, Abdulmajeed Muslih Zaidan Alamri, Mohammed Abdullah A. Saeed, Anas Ali M. Alzhrani, and Raief Fahad Ali Alfriedy. "Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohamed, Khalid Gaffer, Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi, Yazeed Khalid D. Aljoahni, Abdulmajeed Muslih Zaidan Alamri, Mohammed Abdullah A. Saeed, Anas Ali M. Alzhrani, and Raief Fahad Ali Alfriedy. "Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1342-1348. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohamed, K. G., Alharbi, . R. O. M., Aljoahni, . Y. K. D., Alamri, . A. M. Z., Saeed, . M. A. A., Alzhrani, . A. A. M. & Alfriedy, . R. F. A. (2020) Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1342-1348. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083


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