Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1349-1356

The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Kawthar Zakaria Alghasham, Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Sawsan Hadi Alherz, Fathia Omer Mohamed.

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnancy is a unique and exciting time in women’s life. Mothers need to maintain perfect health during pregnancy to bring a healthy child to the world. Some studies showed that stress during pregnancy could be associated with many complications such as premature labor, low birth weight, spontaneous abortion, structural malformations, and preeclampsia. However, there is a need for more studies to establish the effects of stress on pregnancy. The present study aimed at exploring the relationship between the level of stress and pregnancy complications in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This is a cohort prospective study conducted on 43 pregnant women during 2018-2020, in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. In each trimester, we measured their stress level using a standardized measurement “perceived stress scale” by Sheldon Cohen. The collected data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 21.0. Results: The high level of stress was significantly higher for those with complications during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. However, there was no significant relationship between the number of pregnancies, previous miscarriage, maternal age, occupational state, and complications during pregnancy. Conclusion: The high level of stress in the first trimester was found significant for those with complications during pregnancy. However, the stress level was found to decrease with the duration of pregnancy. The primary prevention and early detection could prevent complications of being stressed during pregnancy.

Keywords:
Stress, pregnancy, complications


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The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Kawthar Zakaria Alghasham
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Noura Saleh Alkulaib
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sawsan Hadi Alherz
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fathia Omer Mohamed
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.; a.doo.y@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 26 Jun 2020
Accepted 16 Jul 2020
Published online 02 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alghasham KZ, Al-mutairi AA, Alkulaib NS, Alherz SH, Mohamed FO. The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


Web Style

Alghasham KZ, Al-mutairi AA, Alkulaib NS, Alherz SH, Mohamed FO. The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=119167 [Access: October 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alghasham KZ, Al-mutairi AA, Alkulaib NS, Alherz SH, Mohamed FO. The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alghasham KZ, Al-mutairi AA, Alkulaib NS, Alherz SH, Mohamed FO. The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 25, 2020]; 4(9): 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


Harvard Style

Alghasham, K. Z., Al-mutairi, . A. A., Alkulaib, . N. S., Alherz, . S. H. & Mohamed, . F. O. (2020) The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


Turabian Style

Alghasham, Kawthar Zakaria, Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Sawsan Hadi Alherz, and Fathia Omer Mohamed. 2020. The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


Chicago Style

Alghasham, Kawthar Zakaria, Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Sawsan Hadi Alherz, and Fathia Omer Mohamed. "The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alghasham, Kawthar Zakaria, Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Sawsan Hadi Alherz, and Fathia Omer Mohamed. "The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1349-1356. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alghasham, K. Z., Al-mutairi, . A. A., Alkulaib, . N. S., Alherz, . S. H. & Mohamed, . F. O. (2020) The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1349-1356. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566


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