Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1144-1156

Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic

Authors: Mahmoud Mohammed Hassaan, Khalid Ahmed Bakri, Muhannad Hussain Najmi, Anas Fathi Atiah, Ebtisam Ahmed Madkhali, Abdulrahman Mohammed Jali, Sultan Mohammad Alhazmi, Rasha Dhaifallah Hayyan.

ABSTRACT

Background: A significant increase in musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) was seen in students during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. We aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey among adult students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used to analyze the data. Results: A total of 400 participants were enrolled, with a mean age of 22.2 ± 2.5 years, the majority of whom were male (51.8%) and predominantly non-smokers (82.5%). Of those who exercised, the majority (42.5%) spent 30-60 minutes exercising. Most (35.8%) of the respondents spend >3 hours/day studying. Nearly half (46.8%) used a table and chair to study. About 260 (65%) participants experienced low back pain, 227 (56.8%) experienced neck pain, and 157 (39.3%) experienced shoulder trouble. Females were found to be significantly associated with increased prevalence of low back pain, neck pain, and shoulder pain. Family history of MSDs was found to be significantly associated with increased prevalence of low back pain. Spending 2-3 hours studying was found to be significantly associated with an increased prevalence of low back pain, neck pain, and shoulder pain. Conclusion: Prevalence of lower back, neck, and shoulder pains was found to be high as each of those pains was experienced by nearly half of the participants. Significant disability and negative impacts of low back, neck, and shoulder pains on work and leisure activities. Female gender was found to be strongly linked with low back, neck, and shoulder pains.

Keywords:
Prevalence, Low back, Neck, Shoulder, Pains, Students, Jazan


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Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic


Authors
Mahmoud Mohammed Hassaan
Lecturer of Orthopaedic surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia, Orthopaedic department, faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Ahmed Bakri
Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Muhannad Hussain Najmi
Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Anas Fathi Atiah
Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Ebtisam Ahmed Madkhali
Medical Student, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Mohammed Jali
Medical Student, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Sultan Mohammad Alhazmi
Medical Student, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Rasha Dhaifallah Hayyan
Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Khalid Ahmed Bakri, Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.; khaledbakry11@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Aug 2022
Accepted 11 Aug 2022
Published online 30 Aug 2022
Published in print 23 Sep 2022

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Pubmed Style

Hassaan MM, Bakri KA, Najmi MH, Atiah AF, Madkhali EA, Jali AM, Alhazmi SM, Hayyan RD. Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


Web Style

Hassaan MM, Bakri KA, Najmi MH, Atiah AF, Madkhali EA, Jali AM, Alhazmi SM, Hayyan RD. Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=95852 [Access: December 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hassaan MM, Bakri KA, Najmi MH, Atiah AF, Madkhali EA, Jali AM, Alhazmi SM, Hayyan RD. Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hassaan MM, Bakri KA, Najmi MH, Atiah AF, Madkhali EA, Jali AM, Alhazmi SM, Hayyan RD. Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC. (2022), [cited December 03, 2022]; 6(9): 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


Harvard Style

Hassaan, M. M., Bakri, . K. A., Najmi, . M. H., Atiah, . A. F., Madkhali, . E. A., Jali, . A. M., Alhazmi, . S. M. & Hayyan, . R. D. (2022) Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC, 6 (9), 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


Turabian Style

Hassaan, Mahmoud Mohammed, Khalid Ahmed Bakri, Muhannad Hussain Najmi, Anas Fathi Atiah, Ebtisam Ahmed Madkhali, Abdulrahman Mohammed Jali, Sultan Mohammad Alhazmi, and Rasha Dhaifallah Hayyan. 2022. Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (9), 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


Chicago Style

Hassaan, Mahmoud Mohammed, Khalid Ahmed Bakri, Muhannad Hussain Najmi, Anas Fathi Atiah, Ebtisam Ahmed Madkhali, Abdulrahman Mohammed Jali, Sultan Mohammad Alhazmi, and Rasha Dhaifallah Hayyan. "Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hassaan, Mahmoud Mohammed, Khalid Ahmed Bakri, Muhannad Hussain Najmi, Anas Fathi Atiah, Ebtisam Ahmed Madkhali, Abdulrahman Mohammed Jali, Sultan Mohammad Alhazmi, and Rasha Dhaifallah Hayyan. "Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.9 (2022), 1144-1156. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hassaan, M. M., Bakri, . K. A., Najmi, . M. H., Atiah, . A. F., Madkhali, . E. A., Jali, . A. M., Alhazmi, . S. M. & Hayyan, . R. D. (2022) Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low back pains among students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (9), 1144-1156. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659545872


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