IJMDC. 2019; 3(6): 561-564

Antibiotic Resistance Crisis

Authors: Nuha Saad Mobarki, Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi, Ahmad Hattan Hattan.

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a universal public health problem affecting the benefit of antibiotics. Antibiotic use, inappropriate dosage, and genetics led to the spread of multidrug resistance among pathogenic bacteria, and it became hard to treat infections. Here, we reviewed recent updates of antimicrobial resistance in the period from 2004 to 2019. Scientific websites were used to search for articles related to our subject such as PubMed and Google scholar using several keywords including AMR, Antibiotic abuse; Antibiotic resistance; crisis; bacterial infection. We obtained 55 articles, 45 of them included and they were published between the years 2004 and 2019, whereas those who excluded were not focusing on our aim. Antibiotic resistance crisis is widespread and still increasing, due to continuous abuse of antibiotics and deficiency of new antibiotic industry. The multifaceted plane is required to control antibiotic resistance crisis. Educational programs and awareness campaigns are required. Research, explanations, and solutions should be implanted. Screening and diagnostic tools of antibiotic resistance should be improved and globally applied. Overall, AMR is not uncontrollable anymore. Antibiotics alternatives as probiotics and lytic bacteriophages can participate in decreasing AMR worldwide.

Keywords:
AMR, antibiotic abuse, antibiotic resistance, crisis, bacterial infection.


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Antibiotic Resistance Crisis


Authors
Nuha Saad Mobarki
King Fahd Central Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi
King Fahd Central Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Hattan Hattan
King Fahd Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. King Fahd Central Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia; Nuhano2@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 01 Feb 2019
Accepted 07 Feb 2019
Published in print 04 Apr 2019

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Pubmed Style

Mobarki NS, Almerabi BA, Hattan AH. Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. IJMDC. 2019; 3(6): 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


Web Style

Mobarki NS, Almerabi BA, Hattan AH. Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=29239 [Access: May 08, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mobarki NS, Almerabi BA, Hattan AH. Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. IJMDC. 2019; 3(6): 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mobarki NS, Almerabi BA, Hattan AH. Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. IJMDC. (2019), [cited May 08, 2021]; 3(6): 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


Harvard Style

Mobarki, N. S., Almerabi, . B. A. & Hattan, . A. H. (2019) Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. IJMDC, 3 (6), 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


Turabian Style

Mobarki, Nuha Saad, Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi, and Ahmad Hattan Hattan. 2019. Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (6), 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


Chicago Style

Mobarki, Nuha Saad, Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi, and Ahmad Hattan Hattan. "Antibiotic Resistance Crisis." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mobarki, Nuha Saad, Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi, and Ahmad Hattan Hattan. "Antibiotic Resistance Crisis." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.6 (2019), 561-564. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mobarki, N. S., Almerabi, . B. A. & Hattan, . A. H. (2019) Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (6), 561-564. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699


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