Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1137-1143

Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021

Authors: Abdulrahman Ghurmullah Almalki, Oqab A. Alzahrany, Ahmad Amanallah, Khalid Ibrahim Faraj, Adnan Yahya Alzahrani, Badr Sameer Alam, Bader Hamoud Althagafi, Bader Khalid Alahmadi, Mohammed Ghurmullah Alzahrani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability in the world with a high prevalence of 64%- 89% in different age groups in Saudi Arabia, and depending on the severity, it could have a heavy impact on the quality of life. Thereby, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression among LBP patients and to assess severity of depression in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 105 participants in Prince Mansour Military Hospital. Every patient with LBP who attended family clinic was included in the study and were asked to fill an Arabic version of the LBP Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) and Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) for assessing the depression. Results: A total of 105 participants were included with an average age of 36.7 ± 12.2 years. Duration of LBP was from 4 to 12 weeks in 48.6% participants. The mean of BDI score was found to be 11.8 ± 10.8 with range of 0-48 out of a total score of 63. Around 58.1% had normal (BDI) score, whereas 14.3% had moderate depression. The mean of ODQ score was found to be 34.4 ± 16.6 out of a total score of 100. Almost 44.8% had moderate disability. Statistically significant association was found between duration of back pain and depression (p-value = 0.008). Conclusion: The overall prevalence of depression among study participants was found to be 41.2%, whereas 15% had mild depression according to BDI score.

Keywords:
Prevalence, Depression, Low back pain


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Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021


Authors
Abdulrahman Ghurmullah Almalki
Consultant of Family Medicine, Family Medicine Department, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Oqab A Alzahrany
Family Medicine Consultant, Prince Mansour Military Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Amanallah
Consultant Family medicine and diabetologist, Primary health care of National Guard Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Ibrahim Faraj
Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Adnan Yahya Alzahrani
Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Badr Sameer Alam
Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bader Hamoud Althagafi
Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bader Khalid Alahmadi
Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Ghurmullah Alzahrani
Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Khalid Ibrahim Faraj, Medical Intern University, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; dr.k.faraj@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 02 Aug 2022
Accepted 09 Aug 2022
Published online 11 Sep 2022
Published in print 23 Sep 2022

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Pubmed Style

Almalki AG, Alzahrany OA, Amanallah A, Faraj KI, Alzahrani AY, Alam BS, Althagafi BH, Alahmadi BK, Alzahrani MG. Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


Web Style

Almalki AG, Alzahrany OA, Amanallah A, Faraj KI, Alzahrani AY, Alam BS, Althagafi BH, Alahmadi BK, Alzahrani MG. Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=94449 [Access: December 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almalki AG, Alzahrany OA, Amanallah A, Faraj KI, Alzahrani AY, Alam BS, Althagafi BH, Alahmadi BK, Alzahrani MG. Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almalki AG, Alzahrany OA, Amanallah A, Faraj KI, Alzahrani AY, Alam BS, Althagafi BH, Alahmadi BK, Alzahrani MG. Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. IJMDC. (2022), [cited December 03, 2022]; 6(9): 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


Harvard Style

Almalki, A. G., Alzahrany, . O. A., Amanallah, . A., Faraj, . K. I., Alzahrani, . A. Y., Alam, . B. S., Althagafi, . B. H., Alahmadi, . B. K. & Alzahrani, . M. G. (2022) Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. IJMDC, 6 (9), 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


Turabian Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Ghurmullah, Oqab A. Alzahrany, Ahmad Amanallah, Khalid Ibrahim Faraj, Adnan Yahya Alzahrani, Badr Sameer Alam, Bader Hamoud Althagafi, Bader Khalid Alahmadi, and Mohammed Ghurmullah Alzahrani. 2022. Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (9), 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


Chicago Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Ghurmullah, Oqab A. Alzahrany, Ahmad Amanallah, Khalid Ibrahim Faraj, Adnan Yahya Alzahrani, Badr Sameer Alam, Bader Hamoud Althagafi, Bader Khalid Alahmadi, and Mohammed Ghurmullah Alzahrani. "Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Ghurmullah, Oqab A. Alzahrany, Ahmad Amanallah, Khalid Ibrahim Faraj, Adnan Yahya Alzahrani, Badr Sameer Alam, Bader Hamoud Althagafi, Bader Khalid Alahmadi, and Mohammed Ghurmullah Alzahrani. "Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.9 (2022), 1137-1143. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almalki, A. G., Alzahrany, . O. A., Amanallah, . A., Faraj, . K. I., Alzahrani, . A. Y., Alam, . B. S., Althagafi, . B. H., Alahmadi, . B. K. & Alzahrani, . M. G. (2022) Prevalence of depression among lower back pain adult patients in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, 2021. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (9), 1137-1143. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1659418907


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