Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1303-1311

Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives

Authors: Abdullah Omar Alabdulkarim, Sajida Agha, Mohmmed Alzomia, Saleh Alsuqayhi, Abdullah Alosaimi, Abdulrahman Alhumaidi.

ABSTRACT

Background: The high demands of medical education and body feature impact the psychological well-being of a student. This study was aimed at assessing the relationship between internalizing behavior, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) features, and substance use among medical students. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 155 medical students of both genders from pre-clinical years and clinical years in the College of Medicine from November 2019 to May 2020. Two self-administered validated questionnaires, depression, anxiety and stress scale and body image disturbance questionnaire, were employed for the data collection. Chi-square analysis was done to compare the responses of students. A test with a p value < 0.05 was declared as significant. Results: There were a total of 155 participants; male students accounted for 69.7% (n = 108), and female students accounted for 30.3% (n = 47). In addition, first- and fourth-year medical students constituted nearly 60% of the total participants. Overall, depression, anxiety, and stress were found among 45.2%, 55.5%, and 33.3% of students, respectively. Out of the total subjects, 12.9% of the medical students reported BDD features. Moreover, 23.9% of the participants admitted to substance use for relief from the internalizing behaviors and BDD from which they were suffering. However, 23.7% of the subjects with nobodyís dysmorphic disorder also reported substance use. Conclusion: It has been concluded that there is a positive association between internalizing behaviors and BDD features among medical students. Substance use was found more common in students with BDD.

Keywords:
Body dysmorphic features, internalizing behavior, stress, depression, anxiety


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Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives


Authors
Abdullah Omar Alabdulkarim
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sajida Agha
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohmmed Alzomia
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saleh Alsuqayhi
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Alosaimi
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Alhumaidi
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Abdullah Alabdulkarim, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; alabdulkarimmabdullah@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 05 May 2021
Accepted 16 May 2021
Published online 05 Jun 2021
Published in print 29 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alabdulkarim AO, Agha S, Alzomia M, Alsuqayhi S, Alosaimi A, Alhumaidi A. Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


Web Style

Alabdulkarim AO, Agha S, Alzomia M, Alsuqayhi S, Alosaimi A, Alhumaidi A. Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=79250 [Access: September 19, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alabdulkarim AO, Agha S, Alzomia M, Alsuqayhi S, Alosaimi A, Alhumaidi A. Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alabdulkarim AO, Agha S, Alzomia M, Alsuqayhi S, Alosaimi A, Alhumaidi A. Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. IJMDC. (2021), [cited September 19, 2021]; 5(6): 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


Harvard Style

Alabdulkarim, A. O., Agha, . S., Alzomia, . M., Alsuqayhi, . S., Alosaimi, . A. & Alhumaidi, . A. (2021) Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. IJMDC, 5 (6), 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


Turabian Style

Alabdulkarim, Abdullah Omar, Sajida Agha, Mohmmed Alzomia, Saleh Alsuqayhi, Abdullah Alosaimi, and Abdulrahman Alhumaidi. 2021. Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (6), 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


Chicago Style

Alabdulkarim, Abdullah Omar, Sajida Agha, Mohmmed Alzomia, Saleh Alsuqayhi, Abdullah Alosaimi, and Abdulrahman Alhumaidi. "Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alabdulkarim, Abdullah Omar, Sajida Agha, Mohmmed Alzomia, Saleh Alsuqayhi, Abdullah Alosaimi, and Abdulrahman Alhumaidi. "Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.6 (2021), 1303-1311. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alabdulkarim, A. O., Agha, . S., Alzomia, . M., Alsuqayhi, . S., Alosaimi, . A. & Alhumaidi, . A. (2021) Internalizing behavior problems and body dysmorphic disorder features among medical students who consume pharmaceutical drugs as coping motives. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (6), 1303-1311. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620245275


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