Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1296-1302

Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nizar Mohammed Alhibshi, Abrar Musleh Aljaid, Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi, Amal Ahmed Alharazi, Bushra Saad Alghamdi, Ziad Majdi Tashkandi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is defined as a collection of vision-related symptoms that are consequence of the continuous utilization of electronic devices, such as computers, tablets, and smartphones. It causes eye problems and muscular complaints, which may lead to a decreased efficiency and quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence, knowledge, and associated factors of CVS among electronic device users in the western region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study design. After sample size calculation, a total of 385 respondents in the western regionís population were needed to fill out an electronic questionnaire which was formulated using questions items from previously validated questionnaire and self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire includes questions in the demographic and geographic data, knowledge about CVS, prevalence of CVS symptoms, and its associated factors. Results: Out of 1,402 participants, CVS was reported in 71.7% of them. The most frequent symptom experienced by participants was eyestrains 42.4% followed by headache 37.6%. CVS was significantly associated with female gender (p ‚ȧ 0.001), education (p = 0.001), presence of eye problems (p ‚ȧ 0.001), duration of computer using (p = 0.003), distance from the monitor (p ‚ȧ 0.001), improper position (p ‚ȧ 0.001), and monitorís brightness (p = 0.001). The majority of the participants showed very low level of awareness 4.9% as well as knowledge 1.1%. Conclusion: The prevalence of CVS symptoms among general population in western region was high. The majority of them showed very low level of awareness as well as knowledge, which indeed requires further health education about effects of long computer using on the eyes, and how to avoid the other factors that may contribute to CVS symptoms.

Keywords:
Computer vision syndrome (CVS), prevalence, video display terminals, electronic devices users


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Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nizar Mohammed Alhibshi
Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abrar Musleh Aljaid
Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi
Department of Family Medicine, Armed Forces Medical Center, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Amal Ahmed Alharazi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm AL-Qura University, Al- Qunfudhah, Saudi Arabia
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Bushra Saad Alghamdi
Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ziad Majdi Tashkandi
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi, Department of Family Medicine, Armed Forces Medical Center, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; Abdullah.s.alluhaibi@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 04 May 2021
Accepted 27 May 2021
Published online 27 Jun 2021
Published in print 29 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alhibshi NM, Aljaid AM, Alharbi AS, Alharazi AA, Alghamdi BS, Tashkandi ZM. Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


Web Style

Alhibshi NM, Aljaid AM, Alharbi AS, Alharazi AA, Alghamdi BS, Tashkandi ZM. Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=78836 [Access: September 19, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhibshi NM, Aljaid AM, Alharbi AS, Alharazi AA, Alghamdi BS, Tashkandi ZM. Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhibshi NM, Aljaid AM, Alharbi AS, Alharazi AA, Alghamdi BS, Tashkandi ZM. Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited September 19, 2021]; 5(6): 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


Harvard Style

Alhibshi, N. M., Aljaid, . A. M., Alharbi, . A. S., Alharazi, . A. A., Alghamdi, . B. S. & Tashkandi, . Z. M. (2021) Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (6), 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


Turabian Style

Alhibshi, Nizar Mohammed, Abrar Musleh Aljaid, Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi, Amal Ahmed Alharazi, Bushra Saad Alghamdi, and Ziad Majdi Tashkandi. 2021. Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (6), 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


Chicago Style

Alhibshi, Nizar Mohammed, Abrar Musleh Aljaid, Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi, Amal Ahmed Alharazi, Bushra Saad Alghamdi, and Ziad Majdi Tashkandi. "Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhibshi, Nizar Mohammed, Abrar Musleh Aljaid, Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi, Amal Ahmed Alharazi, Bushra Saad Alghamdi, and Ziad Majdi Tashkandi. "Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.6 (2021), 1296-1302. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhibshi, N. M., Aljaid, . A. M., Alharbi, . A. S., Alharazi, . A. A., Alghamdi, . B. S. & Tashkandi, . Z. M. (2021) Prevalence, knowledge and associated factors of computer vision syndrome among electronic devices users in Western Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (6), 1296-1302. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1620136008


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