Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1149-1159

The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Shumukh Alqahtani, Murouj Almaghrabi, Rawan AlOsaimy, Alhanouf Almuflihi, Abee Shaker El-Moursy Ali.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the most critical problems in the world, in which physicians are one of the primary groups in contact with patients who have highly transmissible pathogens. This study aims to assess the changes in attitude and practice toward COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah. Methodology: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, survey-based study including physicians from different facilities in Makkah. To achieve the study's aim, an online survey with 24-items was created and distributed from July 19 until August 5, 2020. Then, data were entered automatically into the excel sheet then onto the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for analysis. Results: The study included 134 physicians from different hospitals in Makkah; most were females (66.4%; 89), with 119 participants (88.8%) aged less than 30 years. Nearly half of the participants (52.2%; 70) had a negative or neutral attitude, while good practice was detected among 110 participants (82.1%). Male sex, consultants, and work during the pandemic peak showed a significant association with attitude (p-value = 0.001, 0.003, and 0.003, respectively). Lastly, males had nearly seven times more positive attitudes toward COVID-19 than females keeping all other factors constant (odds ratio = 6.6; 95% confidence interval: 2.1-20.9). Conclusion: This study suggested that nearly half of the physicians from several Makkah city facilities, in particular males, have had good attitudes. Furthermore, appropriate practices were detected equally among both genders toward COVID-19 during the pandemic period. However, more studies with a larger sample size are recommended to confirm our results.

Keywords:
COVID-19, attitude, practice, healthcare workers, questionnaire, Makkah.


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The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Shumukh Alqahtani
Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abdia Main Campus, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Murouj Almaghrabi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abdia Main Campus, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan AlOsaimy
Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abdia Main Campus, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alhanouf Almuflihi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abdia Main Campus, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abee Shaker El-Moursy Ali
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abdia Main Campus, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abdia Main Campus, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; murouj@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 05 Mar 2021
Accepted 02 Apr 2021
Published online 02 Apr 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alqahtani S, Almaghrabi M, AlOsaimy R, Almuflihi A, Ali ASE. The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


Web Style

Alqahtani S, Almaghrabi M, AlOsaimy R, Almuflihi A, Ali ASE. The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=61434 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alqahtani S, Almaghrabi M, AlOsaimy R, Almuflihi A, Ali ASE. The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alqahtani S, Almaghrabi M, AlOsaimy R, Almuflihi A, Ali ASE. The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


Harvard Style

Alqahtani, S., Almaghrabi, . M., AlOsaimy, . R., Almuflihi, . A. & Ali, . A. S. E. (2021) The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


Turabian Style

Alqahtani, Shumukh, Murouj Almaghrabi, Rawan AlOsaimy, Alhanouf Almuflihi, and Abee Shaker El-Moursy Ali. 2021. The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


Chicago Style

Alqahtani, Shumukh, Murouj Almaghrabi, Rawan AlOsaimy, Alhanouf Almuflihi, and Abee Shaker El-Moursy Ali. "The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alqahtani, Shumukh, Murouj Almaghrabi, Rawan AlOsaimy, Alhanouf Almuflihi, and Abee Shaker El-Moursy Ali. "The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1149-1159. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alqahtani, S., Almaghrabi, . M., AlOsaimy, . R., Almuflihi, . A. & Ali, . A. S. E. (2021) The changes in attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among physicians in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1149-1159. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614952553


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