Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1160-1165

Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population

Authors: Sultan Alshammari, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Kawther Alsadady, Nouf Algharbi, Fahad Alsudairy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Vitiligo is a crucial noncontagious depigmentation skin disease affecting from 1% to 2% of the total population worldwide and leads to the appearance of white patches of skin that visibly appear on the hand(s), face, and other visible area of the body. The psychosocial impact of Vitiligo, such as the sense of stigmatization and not being accepted in the community, can affect the treatment outcomes and the patient's overall well-being. Therefore, we intend to assess and measure the public attitude and knowledge regarding Vitiligo patients.This study aims to assess the attitude and perception toward Vitiligo among the Saudi Arabia population. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among Saudi Arabia population aged 18 years and above. An electronic self-administrated questionnaire (from December 2020 to January 2021) was distributed. The questionnaire included questions regarding demographic characteristics (gender, age, marital status, educational level, employment status, individuals working in healthcare systems, family members, or friends with Vitiligo). The questionnaire included ten questions about the public's knowledge toward Vitiligo, and seven questions regarding the residents' attitude toward Vitiligo. Data were analyzed using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 26. A p value of 0.05 and below was considered to be significant. Results: 1,412 participants responded to the survey. As for knowledge about Vitiligo, the average score was 7.1 1.3 out of 10, and for attitudes, 5.7 1.2 out of 7. Less than half of the responders did not know that an immunological defect accompanies Vitiligo and that it is different from Albinism, while more than half had a negative attitude toward marrying someone with Vitiligo. Females (p-value < 0.001), age group above 36 years old (p-value < 0.001), married responders (p-value = 0.004), retired responders (p-value = 0.001), and residents of northern region (p-value = 0.004), all had higher level of knowledge compared to their peers, while positive attitudes were significantly higher among females (p-value < 0.001), and unemployed responders (p-value = 0.001). Conclusion: Knowledge and attitudes toward Vitiligo seem adequate and above-average level. Demographic factors can influence attitudes and knowledge toward the disease.

Keywords:
Vitiligo, knowledge, attitude, public, Saudi Arabia.


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Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population


Authors
Sultan Alshammari
Medical intern at AlMaarefa University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Alanazi
Medical intern at AlMaarefa University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Alanazi
Medical intern at AlMaarefa University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Kawther Alsadady
Medical intern at Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh,Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nouf Algharbi
Dermatology department at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fahad Alsudairy
Dermatology department at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Sultan Alshammari, Medical intern at AlMaarefa University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia.; su.ltan86@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Mar 2021
Revised 20 Mar 2021
Accepted 27 Mar 2021
Published online 09 Apr 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Alsadady K, Algharbi N, Alsudairy F. Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


Web Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Alsadady K, Algharbi N, Alsudairy F. Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=62019 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Alsadady K, Algharbi N, Alsudairy F. Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Alsadady K, Algharbi N, Alsudairy F. Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


Harvard Style

Alshammari, S., Alanazi, . S., Alanazi, . K., Alsadady, . K., Algharbi, . N. & Alsudairy, . F. (2021) Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


Turabian Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Kawther Alsadady, Nouf Algharbi, and Fahad Alsudairy. 2021. Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


Chicago Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Kawther Alsadady, Nouf Algharbi, and Fahad Alsudairy. "Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Kawther Alsadady, Nouf Algharbi, and Fahad Alsudairy. "Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1160-1165. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshammari, S., Alanazi, . S., Alanazi, . K., Alsadady, . K., Algharbi, . N. & Alsudairy, . F. (2021) Attitude and knowledge toward Vitiligo among Saudi Arabia population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1160-1165. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615131999


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