Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1142-1148

The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Esra Ali Alhwsawi, Abeer Ahmed Sharahili, Amal Ahmed Ghzwany.

ABSTRACT

Background: The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented on physical and mental health. This study aims to measure the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent living in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried among a total of 370 adolescent individuals aged between 15 and 19 years, living in five main cities of Saudi Arabia, including Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Makkah, and Medina. We used a validated online-based questionnaire consisting of a 6-ITEM Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale to measure depression and a Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale to measure anxiety. The questionnaire was modified in the Arabic version to assess patients' overall level of anxiety and depression. Results: In this study, we received 340 answers for our questionnaire (Response rate = 91.9 %) with a mean age of 17.25 years old and 86% of them were females. Among them, 52% of participants were possibly depressed and needed further investigations. According to GAD -7, 33% had mild anxiety, 18% had moderate anxiety, and 13% had severe anxiety, while 36% did not have anxiety. Younger participants and females were more significantly associated with a higher incidence of depression and anxiety. Conclusion: We found a higher prevalence of depression and anxiety among adolescents in five regions of Saudi Arabia, which was affected by the age and gender of participants. Further, investigations using larger sample sizes should be conducted.

Keywords:
COVID 19, pandemic, adolescent, psychology, anxiety, depression.


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The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Esra Ali Alhwsawi
King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abeer Ahmed Sharahili
King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Ahmed Ghzwany
King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;; EsraAlhwsawi@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 23 Feb 2021
Accepted 24 Mar 2021
Published online 24 Mar 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alhwsawi EA, Sharahili AA, Ghzwany AA. The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


Web Style

Alhwsawi EA, Sharahili AA, Ghzwany AA. The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=58394 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhwsawi EA, Sharahili AA, Ghzwany AA. The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhwsawi EA, Sharahili AA, Ghzwany AA. The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


Harvard Style

Alhwsawi, E. A., Sharahili, . A. A. & Ghzwany, . A. A. (2021) The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


Turabian Style

Alhwsawi, Esra Ali, Abeer Ahmed Sharahili, and Amal Ahmed Ghzwany. 2021. The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


Chicago Style

Alhwsawi, Esra Ali, Abeer Ahmed Sharahili, and Amal Ahmed Ghzwany. "The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhwsawi, Esra Ali, Abeer Ahmed Sharahili, and Amal Ahmed Ghzwany. "The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1142-1148. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhwsawi, E. A., Sharahili, . A. A. & Ghzwany, . A. A. (2021) The prevalence and predictor of the psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the adolescent individuals living in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1142-1148. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1614072366


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