IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1238-1243

Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review

Authors: Alhassan Mohammed Ajeebi, Shahad Ahmed Alquraishi, Alfadhel Ismail Hamami.

ABSTRACT

The gingival tissue is considered as the most pigmented tissue in the oral cavity. An excessive accumulation of melanin in the basal and supra-basal layers of the epithelium resulted in gingival hyperpigmentation. Several patients consider pigmentation of the gingival tissue as unaesthetic, which may have a negative psychological impact, particularly in patients with high smile lines. Gingival depigmentation could be performed through various methods, but laser therapy is considered the most effective one. The laser could lead to effective surgery due to its ability to cut, remove, and reshape gingiva that leaves the surgical area almost entirely bloodless and visible. Gingival pigments are multifactorial, and thus knowing the cause will facilitate addressing the aesthetic demand of different patients. The present paper focused on reviewing literature about gingival pigment indexes, scores usually used during clinical examination, and common techniques used for depigmentation of gingival tissues. Various non-surgical and surgical techniques for depigmentation of gingival tissue are described in the literature. Patients tend to request bloodless and minimally invasive techniques for the removal of pigmented tissues. The re-occurrence of these pigments with time was affected by the nature and origin of these pigments, as well as some medicines and medical conditions that may aggregate the rate of re-pigmenting.

Keywords:
Gingival display, gingival pigments, depigmentation, repigmentation.


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Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review


Authors
Alhassan Mohammed Ajeebi
Periodontist Consultant, Chairman of Periodontics Department, Dental Hospital, King Saud Medical City, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Board member of Saudi Society of Periodontology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Shahad Ahmed Alquraishi
Periodontics Service Resident, Periodontics Department, Dental Hospital, King Saud Medical City, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Alfadhel Ismail Hamami
General Practitioner Dentist, General Directorate of Health Affairs in Riyadh Region, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Alhassan Mohammed Ajeebi, Periodontist Consultant, Chairman of Periodontics Department, Dental Hospital, King Saud Medical City, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Board member of Saudi Society of Periodontology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; dr.ajeebi@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 29 Dec 2020
Accepted 16 Jan 2021
Published online 16 Jan 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Ajeebi AM, Alquraishi SA, Hamami AI. Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


Web Style

Ajeebi AM, Alquraishi SA, Hamami AI. Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=37365 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ajeebi AM, Alquraishi SA, Hamami AI. Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ajeebi AM, Alquraishi SA, Hamami AI. Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


Harvard Style

Ajeebi, A. M., Alquraishi, . S. A. & Hamami, . A. I. (2021) Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


Turabian Style

Ajeebi, Alhassan Mohammed, Shahad Ahmed Alquraishi, and Alfadhel Ismail Hamami. 2021. Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


Chicago Style

Ajeebi, Alhassan Mohammed, Shahad Ahmed Alquraishi, and Alfadhel Ismail Hamami. "Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ajeebi, Alhassan Mohammed, Shahad Ahmed Alquraishi, and Alfadhel Ismail Hamami. "Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1238-1243. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ajeebi, A. M., Alquraishi, . S. A. & Hamami, . A. I. (2021) Effectiveness of gingival depigmentation: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1238-1243. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609253259


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