Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1232-1237

Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type

Authors: Abdulrahman Homod Almalki, Mohammed Alblowi, Abdulaziz Sami Aljasser, Faris Nafisah, Ibrahim Alhedaithi.

ABSTRACT

Background: The psychological effects of cancer are well known, both the initial shock of diagnosis and the subsequent treatment. By identifying the prevalence of anxiety and/or depression and understanding their risk factors and predictors, physicians will be able to identify better which patients will benefit from preemptive intervention. This study was aimed at assessing the anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional study. Data were acquired via a self-administered questionnaire, distributed to the 172 patients resident or individuals frequently using King Khaled University Hospital oncology services while also qualifying as palliative care patients between May 2019 and April 2020. Study data included age, gender, and cancer type, as well as generalized anxiety disorder screener 7 and patient health questionnaire 9 patient scores. Results: The prevalence rate of depression was found to be 33.7% and anxiety 20.9%. The woman had a higher prevalence rate for both conditions. Of cancer types, gastrointestinal tract malignancy followed by breast cancer were found most related to increase the prevalence of depression and/or anxiety in patients. Conclusion: Although anxiety and depression are near-ubiquitous in older people living with cancer, the levels seem to be in the mild-low region of intensity. Closer monitoring of female patients should be observed as evidence suggests they have a higher propensity to develop depression and anxieties.

Keywords:
Depression, anxiety, oncology, palliative care patients, Saudi Arabia.


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Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type


Authors
Abdulrahman Homod Almalki
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Alblowi
Psychiatry Department, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Sami Aljasser
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faris Nafisah
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim Alhedaithi
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.; aahhjj5567@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 20 Apr 2021
Accepted 08 May 2021
Published online 08 May 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Almalki AH, Alblowi M, Aljasser AS, Nafisah F, Alhedaithi I. Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


Web Style

Almalki AH, Alblowi M, Aljasser AS, Nafisah F, Alhedaithi I. Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=75052 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almalki AH, Alblowi M, Aljasser AS, Nafisah F, Alhedaithi I. Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almalki AH, Alblowi M, Aljasser AS, Nafisah F, Alhedaithi I. Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


Harvard Style

Almalki, A. H., Alblowi, . M., Aljasser, . A. S., Nafisah, . F. & Alhedaithi, . I. (2021) Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


Turabian Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Homod, Mohammed Alblowi, Abdulaziz Sami Aljasser, Faris Nafisah, and Ibrahim Alhedaithi. 2021. Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


Chicago Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Homod, Mohammed Alblowi, Abdulaziz Sami Aljasser, Faris Nafisah, and Ibrahim Alhedaithi. "Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Homod, Mohammed Alblowi, Abdulaziz Sami Aljasser, Faris Nafisah, and Ibrahim Alhedaithi. "Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1232-1237. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almalki, A. H., Alblowi, . M., Aljasser, . A. S., Nafisah, . F. & Alhedaithi, . I. (2021) Anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients in Saudi Arabia: prevalence rates by age, gender, and cancer type. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1232-1237. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1618940173


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