Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 971-978

Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif

Authors: Hajer A. Alwagdani, Abdullah A. Albariqi, Abdullah M. Algethami, Nourah A. Alsumairi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic complications of uncontrolled diabetes include microvascular issues, such as nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy, and macrovascular complications, such as coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, stroke, diabetic encephalopathy, and diabetic foot. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of uncontrolled diabetes and its levels and to determine its contributing factors among diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among type 2 diabetic patients who were followed up at primary healthcare centers (PHCCs), under the Ministry of Health, in Taif city in the western province of Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using a formal interview questionnaire consisting of three sections: demographic data, clinical and laboratory data, and predictors of uncontrolled diabetes. Results: The study included 277 type 2 diabetic patients. The prevalence of the uncontrolled disease was 42.2%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that using therapy for immunological disorders [odds ratio (confidence interval, “CI”): 1.23 (1.07-3.59), p-value = 0.042) and having a DM duration of more than 15 years [odds ratio (CI): 2.15 (1.99-4.58), p-value= 0.003] were risk factors for uncontrolled DM. Conclusion: Most of type 2 diabetic patients who were followed up at PHCCs had uncontrolled DM. Therefore, organizing an educational program for diabetic patients regarding the importance of keeping glycemic control and factors that could affect it is warranted.

Keywords:
Prevalence; Predictors; Uncontrolled; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Saudi Arabia


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Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif


Authors
Hajer A Alwagdani
Family Medicine Resident, Ministry of Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah A Albariqi
Postgraduate, Public Health Department, Taif city, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah M Algethami
Ministry of Health, Public Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nourah A Alsumairi
Family Medicine Resident, Ministry of Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Hajer A. Alwagdani, Family medicine resident, Ministry of health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia.; hajerwagdani@icloud.com

Publication history
Received 09 May 2022
Accepted 18 May 2022
Published online 30 May 2022
Published in print 08 Jul 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alwagdani HA, Albariqi AA, Algethami AM, Alsumairi NA. Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


Web Style

Alwagdani HA, Albariqi AA, Algethami AM, Alsumairi NA. Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=34501 [Access: September 30, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alwagdani HA, Albariqi AA, Algethami AM, Alsumairi NA. Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alwagdani HA, Albariqi AA, Algethami AM, Alsumairi NA. Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. IJMDC. (2022), [cited September 30, 2022]; 6(7): 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


Harvard Style

Alwagdani, H. A., Albariqi, . A. A., Algethami, . A. M. & Alsumairi, . N. A. (2022) Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. IJMDC, 6 (7), 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


Turabian Style

Alwagdani, Hajer A., Abdullah A. Albariqi, Abdullah M. Algethami, and Nourah A. Alsumairi. 2022. Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


Chicago Style

Alwagdani, Hajer A., Abdullah A. Albariqi, Abdullah M. Algethami, and Nourah A. Alsumairi. "Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alwagdani, Hajer A., Abdullah A. Albariqi, Abdullah M. Algethami, and Nourah A. Alsumairi. "Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 971-978. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alwagdani, H. A., Albariqi, . A. A., Algethami, . A. M. & Alsumairi, . N. A. (2022) Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary healthcare centers in Taif. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 971-978. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652094286


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