Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 962-970

Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Rayed Alhuda, Hatem Al-Thaqafi, Khalid Altowairqi, Thamer Alfahmi, Malik Alharbi, Rana Mufti.

ABSTRACT

Background: Mental disorders are a significant burden worldwide. Medical students as future physicians need to have appropriate knowledge and positive attitudes toward mentally ill patients. The objectives of the current study are to determine knowledge and attitude toward mental illness in medical students and compare the knowledge and attitude between medical students who completed a psychiatry course and those who did not. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students at Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The study sample was divided into two groups: The first group included medical students who did not complete the psychiatry course. The second group included medical students who completed the psychiatry course. The data were collected using a previously well-structured online questionnaire distributed to the students. Results: The study included 367 medical students (66.8% males). The mean age was 21.94. Participants were mainly from the third and fifth years of medical school (32.2%, 21.8%). Out of all participants, (63.5%) did not complete the psychiatry course. The majority did not take their psychiatry hospital placement (85.6%). Most participants had good knowledge (63.2%) and positive perception and attitudes (61.9%, 76.3%). Academic year difference positively affected knowledge about mental illness causes (p = 0.022) and attitudes (p = 0.010). Psychiatry hospital placement positively affected the perception of mental illness (p = 0.020). Conclusion: Overall, the students appeared to have good knowledge, positive attitudes, and a positive perception of mental illnesses. In addition, the percentage of stigmatizing thoughts was minimal.

Keywords:
Stigma, attitudes, mental illness, medical students, Saudi Arabia


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Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Rayed Alhuda
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hatem Al-Thaqafi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Altowairqi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Thamer Alfahmi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Malik Alharbi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rana Mufti
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; r.n.alhuda@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 May 2022
Accepted 04 Jun 2022
Published online 14 Jun 2022
Published in print 08 Jul 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alhuda R, Al-Thaqafi H, Altowairqi K, Alfahmi T, Alharbi M, Mufti R. Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


Web Style

Alhuda R, Al-Thaqafi H, Altowairqi K, Alfahmi T, Alharbi M, Mufti R. Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=30724 [Access: September 29, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhuda R, Al-Thaqafi H, Altowairqi K, Alfahmi T, Alharbi M, Mufti R. Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhuda R, Al-Thaqafi H, Altowairqi K, Alfahmi T, Alharbi M, Mufti R. Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2022), [cited September 29, 2022]; 6(7): 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


Harvard Style

Alhuda, R., Al-Thaqafi, . H., Altowairqi, . K., Alfahmi, . T., Alharbi, . M. & Mufti, . R. (2022) Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 6 (7), 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


Turabian Style

Alhuda, Rayed, Hatem Al-Thaqafi, Khalid Altowairqi, Thamer Alfahmi, Malik Alharbi, and Rana Mufti. 2022. Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


Chicago Style

Alhuda, Rayed, Hatem Al-Thaqafi, Khalid Altowairqi, Thamer Alfahmi, Malik Alharbi, and Rana Mufti. "Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhuda, Rayed, Hatem Al-Thaqafi, Khalid Altowairqi, Thamer Alfahmi, Malik Alharbi, and Rana Mufti. "Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 962-970. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhuda, R., Al-Thaqafi, . H., Altowairqi, . K., Alfahmi, . T., Alharbi, . M. & Mufti, . R. (2022) Stigma and attitudes toward mental illness among medical students: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 962-970. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1651580371


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