Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 979-991

Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nourah Ahmad Alsumairi, Hajer Abdullah Alwagdani, Adel Obaidallah Aloufi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Smartphone overuse is associated with sleep disturbances among medical students. The present study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of smartphone addiction and its relationship to sleep quality among Taif University undergraduate medical students, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 372 medical students at Taif University, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was used, and participants’ demographics were collected. The Arabic version of the Problematic Use of Mobile Phones (PUMP) scale was used to assess smartphone usage patterns, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess students’ sleep quality. Results: Fifty-four percent of the students had smartphone addiction. First-year students, smokers, those who began using a smartphone for 1-3 years, those who spent more than 10 hours on the smartphone, those who used the smartphone for games, and those whose most frequently used Netflix had a significantly higher percentage of smartphone addiction. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that being a smoker, starting to use the smartphone for 1-3 years, and spending more than 10 hours on the smartphone were independent predictors (risk factors) of smartphone addiction. Of the students, 43.3% had poor sleep quality, with females, married participants, and those with higher mean PUMP scores having a significantly higher percentage. The correlation between PUMP and PSQI scores was found to be highly significant. Conclusion: Smartphone addiction in this study was linked to decreased sleep quality and quantity. Health education campaigns are needed to raise students' awareness of the negative effects of smartphone overuse.

Keywords:
Smartphone, overuse, sleep, quality, medical, Taif


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Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nourah Ahmad Alsumairi
Ministry of Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hajer Abdullah Alwagdani
Ministry of Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Adel Obaidallah Aloufi
Ministry of Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ministry of Health, Taif city, Saudi Arabia.; dr.norahas@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 12 May 2022
Accepted 08 Jun 2022
Published online 17 Jun 2022
Published in print 08 Jul 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alsumairi NA, Alwagdani HA, Aloufi AO. Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


Web Style

Alsumairi NA, Alwagdani HA, Aloufi AO. Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=38127 [Access: September 29, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsumairi NA, Alwagdani HA, Aloufi AO. Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsumairi NA, Alwagdani HA, Aloufi AO. Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited September 29, 2022]; 6(7): 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


Harvard Style

Alsumairi, N. A., Alwagdani, . H. A. & Aloufi, . A. O. (2022) Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (7), 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


Turabian Style

Alsumairi, Nourah Ahmad, Hajer Abdullah Alwagdani, and Adel Obaidallah Aloufi. 2022. Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


Chicago Style

Alsumairi, Nourah Ahmad, Hajer Abdullah Alwagdani, and Adel Obaidallah Aloufi. "Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsumairi, Nourah Ahmad, Hajer Abdullah Alwagdani, and Adel Obaidallah Aloufi. "Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 979-991. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsumairi, N. A., Alwagdani, . H. A. & Aloufi, . A. O. (2022) Impact of smartphone overuse on sleep quality among medical students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 979-991. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1652363842


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