IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 364-369

Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review

Authors: Mohammed Abed A. Bukhari, Meshal Ahmed Mubark Alghtani, Ziyad Sultan Aljohani, Abdullah Abdulghani A Qasem, Ibrahim Hamed M. Alhazmi.

ABSTRACT

Sleep is a function of all living organisms; it is essential for survival and maintaining mental and physical health. There are five stages of sleep in humans. The disturbance of the sleeping pattern or behaviors refers to sleep disorders. There are several sleep disorders; the most common disorders include insomnia, sleep apnea, and narcolepsy. The present study aims to review previous literature available and provide insight on the diagnosis and treatment of the most common sleep disorders. The online databases Google Scholar and PubMed as well as Research Gate were used to perform a literature search for publications published between 2013 and 2019, without any date or language restrictions. We used a combination of relevant search terms “sleep disorders, treatment, diagnosis, management.” We obtained 33 articles related to our subject; after the revision of the titles of the articles, the abstract, reviewing the main titles inside articles and the years of publications, we included only 10 articles. We excluded 23 articles as they were either duplicate of other articles, repeating the same information, or not concentrating on the current subject. The correct diagnosis of sleep disorder was found to be a crucial step for the correct and successful management. The treatment of the patient is based on the type of disease, its severity, and the comorbidities of the patient.

Keywords:
Sleep disorders, classification, diagnosis, treatment


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Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review


Authors
Mohammed Abed A Bukhari
Umm Al Qura University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Meshal Ahmed Mubark Alghtani
Jeddah University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ziyad Sultan Aljohani
Ibn Sina Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Abdulghani A Qasem
Umm Al Qura University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim Hamed M Alhazmi
Taibah University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ibrahim Hamed M. Alhazmi, Taibah University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; ihalhazmi89@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 09 Nov 2020
Accepted 19 Nov 2020
Published online 04 Jan 2021
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Bukhari MAA, Alghtani MAM, Aljohani ZS, Qasem AAA, Alhazmi IHM. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


Web Style

Bukhari MAA, Alghtani MAM, Aljohani ZS, Qasem AAA, Alhazmi IHM. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=28333 [Access: February 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bukhari MAA, Alghtani MAM, Aljohani ZS, Qasem AAA, Alhazmi IHM. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bukhari MAA, Alghtani MAM, Aljohani ZS, Qasem AAA, Alhazmi IHM. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. IJMDC. (2021), [cited February 25, 2021]; 5(1): 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


Harvard Style

Bukhari, M. A. A., Alghtani, . M. A. M., Aljohani, . Z. S., Qasem, . A. A. A. & Alhazmi, . I. H. M. (2021) Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. IJMDC, 5 (1), 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


Turabian Style

Bukhari, Mohammed Abed A., Meshal Ahmed Mubark Alghtani, Ziyad Sultan Aljohani, Abdullah Abdulghani A Qasem, and Ibrahim Hamed M. Alhazmi. 2021. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


Chicago Style

Bukhari, Mohammed Abed A., Meshal Ahmed Mubark Alghtani, Ziyad Sultan Aljohani, Abdullah Abdulghani A Qasem, and Ibrahim Hamed M. Alhazmi. "Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bukhari, Mohammed Abed A., Meshal Ahmed Mubark Alghtani, Ziyad Sultan Aljohani, Abdullah Abdulghani A Qasem, and Ibrahim Hamed M. Alhazmi. "Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 364-369. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bukhari, M. A. A., Alghtani, . M. A. M., Aljohani, . Z. S., Qasem, . A. A. A. & Alhazmi, . I. H. M. (2021) Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 364-369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632


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