IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 359-363

Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review

Authors: Batool Juman Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayr, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Esam salem Batayyah.

ABSTRACT

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. It is a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain cancers. It is unclear whether the risk of gastric cancer (GC) increases owing to bariatric surgery; however, the overall risk of cancer is greatly affected by high body mass index (BMI). This review aimed at exploring the effects of obesity and bariatric surgery on GC. A filtration procedure was used to remove duplicates and irrelevant publications. The online databases, PubMed and Google Scholar, were used to carry out a literature search for publications published between 1998 and 2020, without any date or language restrictions. We used a combination of relevant search terms like “the influence of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer, obesity and bariatric surgery, bariatric surgery and stomach cancer, obesity and gastric cancer, world, and population”. We independently identified publications and systematically screened titles, abstracts, and full texts of the collected publications. Among 51 articles initially selected based on the title and abstract, 20 articles were excluded as it did not match the inclusion criteria. Finally, 31 articles were selected and included in the review. Previous studies have shown that there is an association between esophageal adenocarcinoma and high BMI, metabolic risk factors (glucose, cholesterol, and triglycerides), and blood pressure, independently of each other. Also, Helicobacter pylori, gastroesophageal reflux disease, inflammatory factors, and pathological changes are other risk factors that were reported to affect esophageal adenocarcinoma. Currently, there is a lack of evidence confirming the association between gastric adenocarcinoma and bariatric surgery. Therefore, program surveillance immediately after surgery is not recommended.

Keywords:
Bariatric surgery, obesity, gastric cancer (GC), high body mass index (BMI), the esophagus-gastric junction (EGJ), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)


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Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review


Authors
Batool Juman Alghamdi
Umm AlQura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shahad Nasser A Alsukhayr
Umm AlQura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zahrah Essa Barnawi
Umm AlQura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Esam salem Batayyah
Bariatric and Advance MIS Consultant
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayri, Umm AlQura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia.; shahadn.a.alsukhayri@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 04 Nov 2020
Accepted 03 Dec 2020
Published online 16 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alghamdi BJ, Alsukhayr SNA, Barnawi ZE, Batayyah Es. Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


Web Style

Alghamdi BJ, Alsukhayr SNA, Barnawi ZE, Batayyah Es. Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=26068 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alghamdi BJ, Alsukhayr SNA, Barnawi ZE, Batayyah Es. Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alghamdi BJ, Alsukhayr SNA, Barnawi ZE, Batayyah Es. Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 01, 2021]; 5(1): 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


Harvard Style

Alghamdi, B. J., Alsukhayr, . S. N. A., Barnawi, . Z. E. & Batayyah, . E. s. (2021) Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. IJMDC, 5 (1), 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


Turabian Style

Alghamdi, Batool Juman, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayr, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, and Esam salem Batayyah. 2021. Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


Chicago Style

Alghamdi, Batool Juman, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayr, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, and Esam salem Batayyah. "Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alghamdi, Batool Juman, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayr, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, and Esam salem Batayyah. "Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 359-363. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alghamdi, B. J., Alsukhayr, . S. N. A., Barnawi, . Z. E. & Batayyah, . E. s. (2021) Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 359-363. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093


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