Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 37-43

Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Hanan Fahad AlOtaybi, Ngoud Moghli H. Alaslani, Ramah Waheed Abdullah Calacattawi, Malak Khalid Althaqafi, Bashaer Abduallah Algthamy, Atheer Mohammed Aljohani, Khulud Fahad Minqari.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cataract is the most common cause of blindness worldwide. It develops slowly and leads to blindness if left untreated. However, early detection and treatment of cataracts are largely dependent on the publicís awareness of the disease. This study aims to identify the awareness of the population in Saudi Arabia toward cataract. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional quantitative survey study carried out online in Saudi Arabia, including public members. The study used the Arabic version of a self-administered, internet-based questionnaire. It included questions about respondersí demographic characteristics and questions to evaluate their knowledge about the disease. Data analysis was executed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 26. Results: Among the 494 participants who responded to this survey, 81.2% were female. 5.3% had cataracts, and 18.4% had a positive family history of cataracts. As for the knowledge about cataracts, none of the participants had sufficient knowledge regarding the risk factors, whereas most of them (71.5%) had sufficient experience regarding treatment. Overall, adequate knowledge about cataract was observed among 52.6% of the participants. The most prevalent source of information was the internet (15.6%), followed by more than one source (11.9%) and academic courses (11.5%). Results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that participants who did not know if they have a cataract or not were more likely to have insufficient knowledge about the disease (adjusted odds ratio = 5.18, 95% class interval: 2.41-11.09, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Although the Saudi populationís knowledge and awareness about cataracts are acceptable, further improvement is required.

Keywords:
Cataract, general population, awareness, Saudi Arabia


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Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Hanan Fahad AlOtaybi
Department of Family Medicine, National Guard Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ngoud Moghli H Alaslani
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ramah Waheed Abdullah Calacattawi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Malak Khalid Althaqafi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Bashaer Abduallah Algthamy
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Atheer Mohammed Aljohani
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Khulud Fahad Minqari
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Hanan Fahad AlOtaybi, Department of Family medicine, National Guard Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; Otaibiha01@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 19 Oct 2020
Accepted 18 Nov 2020
Published online 29 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

AlOtaybi HF, Alaslani NMH, Calacattawi RWA, Althaqafi MK, Algthamy BA, Aljohani AM, Minqari KF. Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


Web Style

AlOtaybi HF, Alaslani NMH, Calacattawi RWA, Althaqafi MK, Algthamy BA, Aljohani AM, Minqari KF. Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=16632 [Access: March 07, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlOtaybi HF, Alaslani NMH, Calacattawi RWA, Althaqafi MK, Algthamy BA, Aljohani AM, Minqari KF. Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlOtaybi HF, Alaslani NMH, Calacattawi RWA, Althaqafi MK, Algthamy BA, Aljohani AM, Minqari KF. Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 07, 2021]; 5(1): 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


Harvard Style

AlOtaybi, H. F., Alaslani, . N. M. H., Calacattawi, . R. W. A., Althaqafi, . M. K., Algthamy, . B. A., Aljohani, . A. M. & Minqari, . K. F. (2021) Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


Turabian Style

AlOtaybi, Hanan Fahad, Ngoud Moghli H. Alaslani, Ramah Waheed Abdullah Calacattawi, Malak Khalid Althaqafi, Bashaer Abduallah Algthamy, Atheer Mohammed Aljohani, and Khulud Fahad Minqari. 2021. Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


Chicago Style

AlOtaybi, Hanan Fahad, Ngoud Moghli H. Alaslani, Ramah Waheed Abdullah Calacattawi, Malak Khalid Althaqafi, Bashaer Abduallah Algthamy, Atheer Mohammed Aljohani, and Khulud Fahad Minqari. "Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlOtaybi, Hanan Fahad, Ngoud Moghli H. Alaslani, Ramah Waheed Abdullah Calacattawi, Malak Khalid Althaqafi, Bashaer Abduallah Algthamy, Atheer Mohammed Aljohani, and Khulud Fahad Minqari. "Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 37-43. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlOtaybi, H. F., Alaslani, . N. M. H., Calacattawi, . R. W. A., Althaqafi, . M. K., Algthamy, . B. A., Aljohani, . A. M. & Minqari, . K. F. (2021) Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 37-43. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592


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