Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 120-127

Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Naveed Iqbal Nadeem ul Haq, Rahaf Turki Aldhaban, Haifa Saud Albrahim.

ABSTRACT

Background: The leading causes of death and disability worldwide are chronic diseases. The efforts to encourage people toward the realization about the role of genetics in transmitting chronic diseases might contribute to reduce the chance of contracting these diseases, such as enhancing lifestyles. Therefore, this study aimed to measure Hail populations’ knowledge about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire in Hail region of Saudi Arabia. Results: Out of the total 516 participants, more than 85% had a high level of health status, and 67.2% reported that health behaviors would develop conditions such as cancer, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension. Almost 63.2% had a family history of these diseases. However, 59.1% did not know if they had a chance to have such diseases. Furthermore, 49.2% reported that they were at risk, if their family had such chronic diseases, while 76.9% reported that lifestyle modifications would decrease the risk of developing chronic illness. More than half of the participants agreed that all lifestyle risk factors contributed equally toward the increased risk of chronic illness. Conclusions: The population of Hail had a good health status, adequate knowledge, and awareness about the genetic effects and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases. They had a very positive attitude toward lifestyle modification.

Keywords:
Chronic diseases, lifestyle modification, genetic influence, eating behavior


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Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Naveed Iqbal Nadeem ul Haq
Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahaf Turki Aldhaban
Medical intern, Medicine and General Surgery Department, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Haifa Saud Albrahim
Medical intern, Medicine and General Surgery Department, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Rahaf Turki Aldhaban, Medical intern, Medicine and General Surgery Department, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia; Rahaf.dhabaan@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 23 Nov 2020
Accepted 29 Nov 2020
Published online 08 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Haq NINu, Aldhaban RT, Albrahim HS. Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


Web Style

Haq NINu, Aldhaban RT, Albrahim HS. Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=2361 [Access: March 07, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Haq NINu, Aldhaban RT, Albrahim HS. Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Haq NINu, Aldhaban RT, Albrahim HS. Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 07, 2021]; 5(1): 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


Harvard Style

Haq, N. I. N. u., Aldhaban, . R. T. & Albrahim, . H. S. (2021) Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


Turabian Style

Haq, Naveed Iqbal Nadeem ul, Rahaf Turki Aldhaban, and Haifa Saud Albrahim. 2021. Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


Chicago Style

Haq, Naveed Iqbal Nadeem ul, Rahaf Turki Aldhaban, and Haifa Saud Albrahim. "Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Haq, Naveed Iqbal Nadeem ul, Rahaf Turki Aldhaban, and Haifa Saud Albrahim. "Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 120-127. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Haq, N. I. N. u., Aldhaban, . R. T. & Albrahim, . H. S. (2021) Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 120-127. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677


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