Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 128-132

Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey

Authors: Ashjan Bamahfouz, Batool Juman S. Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayri, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Raghad Abdulrazaq A. Alraees, Sarah Juman S. Alghmdi.

ABSTRACT

Background: It is estimated that there are 36 million blind and 217 million people with moderate and severe visual impairment worldwide. The data on the magnitude of visual disabilities in Saudi Arabia among all ages is not available in recent years. The present study was aimed at assessing the rate of awareness of common and blinding eye diseases and their determinants among population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia Methodology: This cross-sectional survey of adult citizens in Makkah was conducted from April to May 2019. The participants’ demography, social determinants, and eye disease status in the family were collected. Information on the awareness of common and chronic eye diseases was collected using 24 questions. The sum of the responses on awareness was graded as positive or negative and correlated to determinants. Results: We surveyed 471 citizens. Of those, 287 (61%) were female. The mean age of the participants was 28 ± 10 years. The median score of awareness was 1.0 (the interquartile range was 0.0; 3.0) [minimum of -6.0 and maximum of 9.0]. The awareness was positive in 298 participants [63.1%; (95% confidence interval (CI) of 58.9; 67.6)] and negative in 173 participants [36.9%; (95% CI of 32.4; 41.1)]. Conclusions: Awareness among citizens in Makkah’s city was positive in more than half of the participants. There is a need to further improve the knowledge of Makkah’s adult citizens through health education using modern tools favored by adult citizens of Makkah.

Keywords:
Eye diseases, awareness, eye health education


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Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey


Authors
Ashjan Bamahfouz
Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Batool Juman S Alghamdi
Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shahad Nasser A Alsukhayri
Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zahrah Essa Barnawi
Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raghad Abdulrazaq A Alraees
Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sarah Juman S Alghmdi
Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Shahad Nasser A, Alsukhayri, Umm-AlQura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; shahadn.a.alsukhayri@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Nov 2020
Accepted 09 Dec 2020
Published online 18 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Bamahfouz A, Alghamdi BJS, Alsukhayri SNA, Barnawi ZE, Alraees RAA, Alghmdi SJS. Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


Web Style

Bamahfouz A, Alghamdi BJS, Alsukhayri SNA, Barnawi ZE, Alraees RAA, Alghmdi SJS. Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=2853 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bamahfouz A, Alghamdi BJS, Alsukhayri SNA, Barnawi ZE, Alraees RAA, Alghmdi SJS. Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bamahfouz A, Alghamdi BJS, Alsukhayri SNA, Barnawi ZE, Alraees RAA, Alghmdi SJS. Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 01, 2021]; 5(1): 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


Harvard Style

Bamahfouz, A., Alghamdi, . B. J. S., Alsukhayri, . S. N. A., Barnawi, . Z. E., Alraees, . R. A. A. & Alghmdi, . S. J. S. (2021) Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. IJMDC, 5 (1), 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


Turabian Style

Bamahfouz, Ashjan, Batool Juman S. Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayri, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Raghad Abdulrazaq A. Alraees, and Sarah Juman S. Alghmdi. 2021. Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


Chicago Style

Bamahfouz, Ashjan, Batool Juman S. Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayri, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Raghad Abdulrazaq A. Alraees, and Sarah Juman S. Alghmdi. "Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bamahfouz, Ashjan, Batool Juman S. Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayri, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Raghad Abdulrazaq A. Alraees, and Sarah Juman S. Alghmdi. "Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 128-132. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bamahfouz, A., Alghamdi, . B. J. S., Alsukhayri, . S. N. A., Barnawi, . Z. E., Alraees, . R. A. A. & Alghmdi, . S. J. S. (2021) Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 128-132. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333


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