Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 113-119

Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Hala Salah Ashour, Anas Eid Alhazm, Alaa Abdulraheem Alraheili, Dhiaa Khalid Yones, Ghada Awad Aljuhani, Razan Ahmed Alawaz, Nouf Abdulaziz Alkalbi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Personal attitudes and beliefs toward mental illness set the stage for how they interact with mental illness people, provide opportunities, and support a person with mental illness. Attitudes and beliefs about mental illness are shaped by personal knowledge about mental illness, interacting or knowing someone with mental illness, and cultural pattern about mental illness. The general population tends to choose primary care physicians as their entry point to mental care. The present study was aimed at assessing the attitudes of primary care physicians towards patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out. The study population included all primary health care center (PHC) consultants, specialists, and family medicine residents in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. A total of 41 PHC practice sites were involved. The study tool comprised of three main sections using the Social Distance Scale and Dangerousness Scale. Result: The number of individuals who cooperated with the study and responded to the research application were 134 doctors. Majority of them (51.5%) were males, the study show there were no significant differences of the attitudes among the primary care physicians based on gender, country of origin, medical degree, years of experience, and no significant differences were observed in the dangerousness scale by age group but show substantial differences in the Social Distance Scale by age group. Conclusions: In conclusion, the attitudinal level of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Saudi Arabia was acceptable, and authors strongly recommend the need of future educational involvement and interventions.

Keywords:
Mental illness, primary care physicians, social distance scale, dangerousness scale


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Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Hala Salah Ashour
Psychiatric consultant, Ministry of Health, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anas Eid Alhazm
Family Medicine Resident, Ministry of Health, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Alaa Abdulraheem Alraheili
Internal medicine Resident, National guard Health affairs, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Dhiaa Khalid Yones
Radiology resident, King Fahad Hospital, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Ghada Awad Aljuhani
Ophthalmology Resident, Ministry of Health, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Razan Ahmed Alawaz
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Nouf Abdulaziz Alkalbi
Preventive Medicine Resident, Ministry of health, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Razan Ahmed Alawaz, Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia; Razanalooz@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Nov 2020
Accepted 12 Dec 2020
Published online 22 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Ashour HS, Alhazm AE, Alraheili AA, Yones DK, Aljuhani GA, Alawaz RA, Alkalbi NA. Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


Web Style

Ashour HS, Alhazm AE, Alraheili AA, Yones DK, Aljuhani GA, Alawaz RA, Alkalbi NA. Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=1622 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ashour HS, Alhazm AE, Alraheili AA, Yones DK, Aljuhani GA, Alawaz RA, Alkalbi NA. Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ashour HS, Alhazm AE, Alraheili AA, Yones DK, Aljuhani GA, Alawaz RA, Alkalbi NA. Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 01, 2021]; 5(1): 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


Harvard Style

Ashour, H. S., Alhazm, . A. E., Alraheili, . A. A., Yones, . D. K., Aljuhani, . G. A., Alawaz, . R. A. & Alkalbi, . N. A. (2021) Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


Turabian Style

Ashour, Hala Salah, Anas Eid Alhazm, Alaa Abdulraheem Alraheili, Dhiaa Khalid Yones, Ghada Awad Aljuhani, Razan Ahmed Alawaz, and Nouf Abdulaziz Alkalbi. 2021. Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


Chicago Style

Ashour, Hala Salah, Anas Eid Alhazm, Alaa Abdulraheem Alraheili, Dhiaa Khalid Yones, Ghada Awad Aljuhani, Razan Ahmed Alawaz, and Nouf Abdulaziz Alkalbi. "Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ashour, Hala Salah, Anas Eid Alhazm, Alaa Abdulraheem Alraheili, Dhiaa Khalid Yones, Ghada Awad Aljuhani, Razan Ahmed Alawaz, and Nouf Abdulaziz Alkalbi. "Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 113-119. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ashour, H. S., Alhazm, . A. E., Alraheili, . A. A., Yones, . D. K., Aljuhani, . G. A., Alawaz, . R. A. & Alkalbi, . N. A. (2021) Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 113-119. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408


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