E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date: 09 / 01 / 2024

 


Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.

Reem Ayed Muharieb Alshammari, Salm Jamal S. Alaamer, Salma Rashed Altamimy, Salma Rshed Altamimy, Abdulrahman Obaidallah Alharbi, Ali Howaidi Alharbi, Hanan Hamdan Alshammri, Amani Ismail Almatar.


Abstract
Objective:
To evaluate the relationship between a high-fat diet and obesity with the prevalence of precocious puberty (PP) in Saudi Arabia.
Methods:
This is a retrospective cohort study conducted at Children's Caregivers in Saudi Arabia between June and August, 2023. Data were collected through a pre-validated and translated self-administered electronic questionnaire among parents/caregivers and children diagnosed with PP.
Results:
A total of 149 participants (95 parents/caregivers and 54 children) were eligible for this study. Around 56.8% children diagnosed with PP were younger than 10 years. The common causes for PP were family history (33.7%), weight increase (20%), malnutrition (16.8%), pituitary gland diseases (23%), thyroid disorders (47.4%), and chronic diseases (9.5%). High-fat diet (68.1%; p = 0.049) and obesity (53.2%; p = 0.049) were the significant primary risk factors for early pubertal development. Other significant risk factors associated with PP were consumption of artificial foods (25.5%; p = 0.049) and pituitary gland diseases (45.7%; p = 0.049). Fast food (52.6%) was the leading food type consumed by children diagnosed with PP. Further, fried foods (47.4%), canned products (34.7%), flavoured juice and milk (36.8%), and homemade juice/milk (30.5%) were also associated with PP development due to obesity and a high-fat diet. Moreover, 25.3% participants had good knowledge about PP in children.
Conclusion:
This study showed that PP is a common endocrine problem in Saudi Arabia, with a poor understanding of its prevalence. The type of foods consumed and children's obese status were the significant and leading risk factors in PP prevalence.

Key words: Precocious puberty, obesity, high-fat diet, relation, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alshammari RAM, Alaamer SJS, Altamimy SR, Altamimy SR, Alharbi AO, Alharbi AH, Alshammri HH, Almatar AI. Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384


Web Style

Alshammari RAM, Alaamer SJS, Altamimy SR, Altamimy SR, Alharbi AO, Alharbi AH, Alshammri HH, Almatar AI. Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=178718 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshammari RAM, Alaamer SJS, Altamimy SR, Altamimy SR, Alharbi AO, Alharbi AH, Alshammri HH, Almatar AI. Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshammari RAM, Alaamer SJS, Altamimy SR, Altamimy SR, Alharbi AO, Alharbi AH, Alshammri HH, Almatar AI. Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. (2024), [cited February 07, 2024]; 8(2): 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384



Harvard Style

Alshammari, R. A. M., Alaamer, . S. J. S., Altamimy, . S. R., Altamimy, . S. R., Alharbi, . A. O., Alharbi, . A. H., Alshammri, . H. H. & Almatar, . A. I. (2024) Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC, 8 (2), 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384



Turabian Style

Alshammari, Reem Ayed Muharieb, Salm Jamal S. Alaamer, Salma Rashed Altamimy, Salma Rshed Altamimy, Abdulrahman Obaidallah Alharbi, Ali Howaidi Alharbi, Hanan Hamdan Alshammri, and Amani Ismail Almatar. 2024. Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384



Chicago Style

Alshammari, Reem Ayed Muharieb, Salm Jamal S. Alaamer, Salma Rashed Altamimy, Salma Rshed Altamimy, Abdulrahman Obaidallah Alharbi, Ali Howaidi Alharbi, Hanan Hamdan Alshammri, and Amani Ismail Almatar. "Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshammari, Reem Ayed Muharieb, Salm Jamal S. Alaamer, Salma Rashed Altamimy, Salma Rshed Altamimy, Abdulrahman Obaidallah Alharbi, Ali Howaidi Alharbi, Hanan Hamdan Alshammri, and Amani Ismail Almatar. "Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 531-539. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshammari, R. A. M., Alaamer, . S. J. S., Altamimy, . S. R., Altamimy, . S. R., Alharbi, . A. O., Alharbi, . A. H., Alshammri, . H. H. & Almatar, . A. I. (2024) Relation between Obesity and High Fat Diet with Precocious Puberty in Saudi Arabia.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 531-539. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700850384





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