E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date: 07 / 01 / 2024

 


Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Suliman Alatawi, Nouf Obaidullah Alanazi, Bayan Mujahid Kaby, Ashwaq Nafea O. Alanazi, Nawal Mohammed Alanazi, Hamdah Hnef Alanazi, Nouf Ali S Alatawi, Rafeef Fahad Aljuhani, Shatha Bakheet N. Alotaibi, Rahf Mohammed Alqarni, Walaa Fahad Aljuhani.


Abstract
Objectives:
To estimate the prevalence and assess the awareness and attitude regarding dietary supplement usage among medical students and interns of Tabuk University and to explore the associations between dietary supplement usage and the participants’ gender, age, and academic year.
Methods:
This cross-sectional study was conducted among male and female medical students and interns aged 18 years and above at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, from June to the end of July, 2021. Data were obtained from the study participants through an online, self-administered questionnaire.
Results:
The prevalence of dietary supplement usage among the participants was 50%. There were no significant associations between nutritional supplement use and the gender, age, or academic level of the study group (all p-values > 0.05.). Common reasons for using dietary supplements were promoting general health (30.9%) and nutritional deficiencies (29.3%). The described adverse effects of dietary supplements comprised sleeplessness, heart palpitations, seizure, and shortness of breath (12.5%, 10.3%, 4.4%, and 2.1%, respectively), and a more significant number (70.7%) reported other harmful effects. Higher percentage of the participants thought that using dietary supplements is good for their health (80.7%) and necessary for food metabolism (78.7%).
Conclusions:
There was a relatively high prevalence of dietary supplement use among medical students and interns at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. The medical students and interns had a positive attitude towards using dietary supplements. However, the self-reported knowledge about the dosage, side effects, and interactions with concomitantly used drugs was limited.

Key words: Dietary supplement, medical student, prevalence, knowledge, attitude.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alatawi AS, Alanazi NO, Kaby BM, Alanazi ANO, Alanazi NM, Alanazi HH, Alatawi NAS, Aljuhani RF, Alotaibi SBN, Alqarni RM, Aljuhani WF. Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541


Web Style

Alatawi AS, Alanazi NO, Kaby BM, Alanazi ANO, Alanazi NM, Alanazi HH, Alatawi NAS, Aljuhani RF, Alotaibi SBN, Alqarni RM, Aljuhani WF. Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=178644 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alatawi AS, Alanazi NO, Kaby BM, Alanazi ANO, Alanazi NM, Alanazi HH, Alatawi NAS, Aljuhani RF, Alotaibi SBN, Alqarni RM, Aljuhani WF. Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alatawi AS, Alanazi NO, Kaby BM, Alanazi ANO, Alanazi NM, Alanazi HH, Alatawi NAS, Aljuhani RF, Alotaibi SBN, Alqarni RM, Aljuhani WF. Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2024), [cited February 07, 2024]; 8(2): 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541



Harvard Style

Alatawi, A. S., Alanazi, . N. O., Kaby, . B. M., Alanazi, . A. N. O., Alanazi, . N. M., Alanazi, . H. H., Alatawi, . N. A. S., Aljuhani, . R. F., Alotaibi, . S. B. N., Alqarni, . R. M. & Aljuhani, . W. F. (2024) Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 8 (2), 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541



Turabian Style

Alatawi, Abdullah Suliman, Nouf Obaidullah Alanazi, Bayan Mujahid Kaby, Ashwaq Nafea O. Alanazi, Nawal Mohammed Alanazi, Hamdah Hnef Alanazi, Nouf Ali S Alatawi, Rafeef Fahad Aljuhani, Shatha Bakheet N. Alotaibi, Rahf Mohammed Alqarni, and Walaa Fahad Aljuhani. 2024. Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541



Chicago Style

Alatawi, Abdullah Suliman, Nouf Obaidullah Alanazi, Bayan Mujahid Kaby, Ashwaq Nafea O. Alanazi, Nawal Mohammed Alanazi, Hamdah Hnef Alanazi, Nouf Ali S Alatawi, Rafeef Fahad Aljuhani, Shatha Bakheet N. Alotaibi, Rahf Mohammed Alqarni, and Walaa Fahad Aljuhani. "Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alatawi, Abdullah Suliman, Nouf Obaidullah Alanazi, Bayan Mujahid Kaby, Ashwaq Nafea O. Alanazi, Nawal Mohammed Alanazi, Hamdah Hnef Alanazi, Nouf Ali S Alatawi, Rafeef Fahad Aljuhani, Shatha Bakheet N. Alotaibi, Rahf Mohammed Alqarni, and Walaa Fahad Aljuhani. "Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 523-530. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alatawi, A. S., Alanazi, . N. O., Kaby, . B. M., Alanazi, . A. N. O., Alanazi, . N. M., Alanazi, . H. H., Alatawi, . N. A. S., Aljuhani, . R. F., Alotaibi, . S. B. N., Alqarni, . R. M. & Aljuhani, . W. F. (2024) Dietary supplement use among medical students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 523-530. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1700805541





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