IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 748-754

Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021)

Authors: Nawal Hamed alshammari, Dalal Hamed Alshammari, Hadir Ahmad Alshammari, Bashayer Ali Alshammari, Meshail Saeed Alserhan, Mohammed Ali Ayed Alshammari, Mona Hameed Alshammari, Nawal Hamed Alshammari.

ABSTRACT

Medication errors (MEs) are defined broadly as medication prescription, distribution, or administration errors. MEs are considered as the most common type of medical error in hospitalized patients, with pediatric patients having a ME rate up to three times that of adult patients. MEs resulting in extended hospitalization, readmission, impairments, and other complications in hospitalized children are frequently documented. To assess the MEs in pediatric patients by reviewing previous studies (from 2015 to 2021) that reported MEs in pediatric patients. Studies related to our subject were explored using PubMed and Google scholar databases. The keywords included were “MEs, prescribing errors, administration errors, adverse drug events, Dosing errors, hospitalized children, pediatric patients” were used in various combinations. The inclusion criteria were original studies that reported MEs in pediatric patients and full text- articles. A total of 456 articles were obtained; only six articles were eligible for the inclusion criteria. The included studies were conducted on a total number of 8,860 MEs. The six included studies were divided into; two studies were prospective observational studies, two retrospective studies, one cross-sectional study, and one study based on a national mandatory reporting system. Our analysis found high rates of MEs among pediatric patients. The most common MEs were prescribing errors, dosing errors, followed by incorrect administration time. The medication groups with the highest ratio of MEs were anti-hypertensives, antimycotics, and drugs for nasal preparation, followed by anti-asthmatic drugs, antibiotics, and analgesics. Additionally, morphine, paracetamol, and gentamicin were also associated with MEs in pediatric patients. More research is needed to evaluate the need for and viability of pharmacy services in pediatric settings.

Keywords:
medication errors, prescribing errors, administration errors, adverse drug events, hospitalized children, pediatric patients.


';
Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021)


Authors
Nawal Hamed alshammari
Pharmacist, Khafj General Hospital, Alkhafji, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Dalal Hamed Alshammari
Pharmacist, Khafj General Hospital, Alkhafji, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hadir Ahmad Alshammari
Pharmacist, Khafj General Hospital, Alkhafji, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bashayer Ali Alshammari
Pharmacist, Khafj General Hospital, Alkhafji, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Meshail Saeed Alserhan
Medical Intern, King Fahad University Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Ali Ayed Alshammari
Pediatric Specialist, Maternity and Children Hospital Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mona Hameed Alshammari
Pediatric Specialist, Maternity and Children Hospital Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nawal Hamed Alshammari
Khafj General Hospital, Alkhafji, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Pharmacist, Khafj General Hospital, Alkhafji, Saudi Arabia.; Nawalalshammari19@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Jan 2022
Accepted 12 Jan 2022
Published online 19 Jan 2022
Published in print 11 Apr 2022

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

alshammari NH, Alshammari DH, Alshammari HA, Alshammari BA, Alserhan MS, Alshammari MAA, Alshammari MH, Alshammari NH. Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


Web Style

alshammari NH, Alshammari DH, Alshammari HA, Alshammari BA, Alserhan MS, Alshammari MAA, Alshammari MH, Alshammari NH. Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=140414 [Access: July 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

alshammari NH, Alshammari DH, Alshammari HA, Alshammari BA, Alserhan MS, Alshammari MAA, Alshammari MH, Alshammari NH. Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

alshammari NH, Alshammari DH, Alshammari HA, Alshammari BA, Alserhan MS, Alshammari MAA, Alshammari MH, Alshammari NH. Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). IJMDC. (2022), [cited July 03, 2022]; 6(5): 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


Harvard Style

alshammari, N. H., Alshammari, . D. H., Alshammari, . H. A., Alshammari, . B. A., Alserhan, . M. S., Alshammari, . M. A. A., Alshammari, . M. H. & Alshammari, . N. H. (2022) Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). IJMDC, 6 (5), 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


Turabian Style

alshammari, Nawal Hamed, Dalal Hamed Alshammari, Hadir Ahmad Alshammari, Bashayer Ali Alshammari, Meshail Saeed Alserhan, Mohammed Ali Ayed Alshammari, Mona Hameed Alshammari, and Nawal Hamed Alshammari. 2022. Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


Chicago Style

alshammari, Nawal Hamed, Dalal Hamed Alshammari, Hadir Ahmad Alshammari, Bashayer Ali Alshammari, Meshail Saeed Alserhan, Mohammed Ali Ayed Alshammari, Mona Hameed Alshammari, and Nawal Hamed Alshammari. "Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021)." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

alshammari, Nawal Hamed, Dalal Hamed Alshammari, Hadir Ahmad Alshammari, Bashayer Ali Alshammari, Meshail Saeed Alserhan, Mohammed Ali Ayed Alshammari, Mona Hameed Alshammari, and Nawal Hamed Alshammari. "Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021)." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.5 (2022), 748-754. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

alshammari, N. H., Alshammari, . D. H., Alshammari, . H. A., Alshammari, . B. A., Alserhan, . M. S., Alshammari, . M. A. A., Alshammari, . M. H. & Alshammari, . N. H. (2022) Medication error in pediatric patients: an updated systematic review (2015-2021). International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 748-754. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641245637


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2022 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.