Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1980-1987

Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mohamed Mahrous El Tellawy, Majed Hamed Alfallaj, Raghad Muwafiq Aldaghmi, Sarah Suda Alharbi, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Farah Saleh Alhablani, Ghadah Ayad Alruwaili.

ABSTRACT

Background: Rheumatic heart diseases (RHD) are significant public health concerns worldwide. The present study aimed at assessing the level of parentsí knowledge regarding RHD and its predisposing factors in Saudi Arabia and comparing the knowledge of RHD among different genders, age groups, levels of education, and occupation of the parents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and parentsí knowledge toward RHD in Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Results: A total of 430 respondents were enrolled in the study; about 297 (69.1%) were females and 133 (30.9%) were males. The overall knowledge level of parents about RHD was moderate, with 179 (41.6%) of parents having a good knowledge level and 251 (58.4%) having a poor level of knowledge. The mean knowledge score was 5.85 (SD Ī 2.26) out of 10. Prior history of sore throat was reported in 332 (77.2%) participants most of them treated the sore throat with antibiotics (74.8%) while 38 (9.8%) used traditional herbs and 22 (5.7%) treated it with salt. There was a significant association between the level of knowledge about RHD and age (p = 0.000). Conclusions: The present study found moderate overall knowledge level among parents toward RHD. About two-fifths of parents had a good knowledge level and more than half of parents had poor knowledge. The level of knowledge about RHD was significantly associated with age, occupation, and region of residence.

Keywords:
Parents, knowledge, attitude, rheumatic heart disease, knowledge of parents toward RHD


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Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mohamed Mahrous El Tellawy
Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatrics Department, College of medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Majed Hamed Alfallaj
Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raghad Muwafiq Aldaghmi
Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Suda Alharbi
Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Rawan Rafi Alruwaili
Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Farah Saleh Alhablani
Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Ghadah Ayad Alruwaili
Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Sarah Suda Alharbi, Medical Intern, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia; saronnaa00@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Oct 2021
Accepted 09 Oct 2021
Published online 21 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Tellawy MME, Alfallaj MH, Aldaghmi RM, Alharbi SS, Alruwaili RR, Alhablani FS, Alruwaili GA. Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


Web Style

Tellawy MME, Alfallaj MH, Aldaghmi RM, Alharbi SS, Alruwaili RR, Alhablani FS, Alruwaili GA. Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=129906 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tellawy MME, Alfallaj MH, Aldaghmi RM, Alharbi SS, Alruwaili RR, Alhablani FS, Alruwaili GA. Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tellawy MME, Alfallaj MH, Aldaghmi RM, Alharbi SS, Alruwaili RR, Alhablani FS, Alruwaili GA. Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


Harvard Style

Tellawy, M. M. E., Alfallaj, . M. H., Aldaghmi, . R. M., Alharbi, . S. S., Alruwaili, . R. R., Alhablani, . F. S. & Alruwaili, . G. A. (2021) Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


Turabian Style

Tellawy, Mohamed Mahrous El, Majed Hamed Alfallaj, Raghad Muwafiq Aldaghmi, Sarah Suda Alharbi, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Farah Saleh Alhablani, and Ghadah Ayad Alruwaili. 2021. Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


Chicago Style

Tellawy, Mohamed Mahrous El, Majed Hamed Alfallaj, Raghad Muwafiq Aldaghmi, Sarah Suda Alharbi, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Farah Saleh Alhablani, and Ghadah Ayad Alruwaili. "Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tellawy, Mohamed Mahrous El, Majed Hamed Alfallaj, Raghad Muwafiq Aldaghmi, Sarah Suda Alharbi, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Farah Saleh Alhablani, and Ghadah Ayad Alruwaili. "Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1980-1987. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tellawy, M. M. E., Alfallaj, . M. H., Aldaghmi, . R. M., Alharbi, . S. S., Alruwaili, . R. R., Alhablani, . F. S. & Alruwaili, . G. A. (2021) Parentsí knowledge and attitudes toward rheumatic heart disease in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1980-1987. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633287158


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