Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1969-1979

Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mansuor Ahmed Alanazi, Abdulaziz Saleh Alshamikh, Zainab Ali Mohammad Alfaqih, Mohammad Saleh Almarri, Faisal Besheit Almatrafi, Ammar Talal Eskandarani, Saud Mohammed Alowayfi, Khaled Ali Ali Hakami, Hatim Ibrahim Mohammed Mutanbak.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by a drop in serum glucose concentration of ‚ȧ70 mg/ dl. A steady glucose supply is essential for brain physiological functions. Type of medications used for diabetic therapy, errors in dose or timing of insulin, prior history of hypoglycemic episodes, recurrent history of hypoglycemia, and delayed diagnosis of diabetes are the major risk factors associated with hypoglycemia. We aimed to assess diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks and explore the relationship between the level of awareness and different socio-demographic factors. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in Al Jouf Region, Saudi Arabia between August to November 2021. A convenient non-probability sampling technique was employed to collect data from the participants. Data were coded, entered, and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science version 23. Results: A total of 273 respondents were included in the study with 52.4% of them being females. The majority of the participants were in the age range of 26 to 35 years and 84.6% of them were taking medication for diabetes management. Injectable insulin was used by 55.3%. Family/friends/acquaintances were the most common (42.5%) source of participantís knowledge about hypoglycemic attacks. Poor awareness about hypoglycemic attacks was observed among 62.6% participants. Level of awareness was significantly affected by gender, age, educational level, marital status, and monthly income with p-values = 0.018, 0.015, <0.001, <0.001, and <0.001 respectively. Conclusions: Good level of awareness regarding hypoglycemia risk factors, symptoms, complication, and treatment was found in more than half of respondents and few knowledge gaps warrants further attention.

Keywords:
Diabetic patients, awareness, hypoglycemia


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Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mansuor Ahmed Alanazi
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, Family Medicine Specialist, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Saleh Alshamikh
Medical Student, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zainab Ali Mohammad Alfaqih
Medical Student, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammad Saleh Almarri
Assistant Registrar General Surgery, Department of General Surgery Adan Hospital, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Besheit Almatrafi
Medical Intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ammar Talal Eskandarani
Medical Student, Ibn Sina Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saud Mohammed Alowayfi
Medical Intern, Imam Muhammed ibn Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khaled Ali Ali Hakami
General Practitioner, Samtah General Hospital, Samtah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hatim Ibrahim Mohammed Mutanbak
General Practitioner, Samtah General Hospital, Samtah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulaziz Saleh Alshamikh, Medical Student, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.; drazizalshamikh@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 30 Sep 2021
Accepted 09 Oct 2021
Published online 24 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alanazi MA, Alshamikh AS, Alfaqih ZAM, Almarri MS, Almatrafi FB, Eskandarani AT, Alowayfi SM, Hakami KAA, Mutanbak HIM. Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


Web Style

Alanazi MA, Alshamikh AS, Alfaqih ZAM, Almarri MS, Almatrafi FB, Eskandarani AT, Alowayfi SM, Hakami KAA, Mutanbak HIM. Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=129199 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alanazi MA, Alshamikh AS, Alfaqih ZAM, Almarri MS, Almatrafi FB, Eskandarani AT, Alowayfi SM, Hakami KAA, Mutanbak HIM. Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alanazi MA, Alshamikh AS, Alfaqih ZAM, Almarri MS, Almatrafi FB, Eskandarani AT, Alowayfi SM, Hakami KAA, Mutanbak HIM. Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


Harvard Style

Alanazi, M. A., Alshamikh, . A. S., Alfaqih, . Z. A. M., Almarri, . M. S., Almatrafi, . F. B., Eskandarani, . A. T., Alowayfi, . S. M., Hakami, . K. A. A. & Mutanbak, . H. I. M. (2021) Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


Turabian Style

Alanazi, Mansuor Ahmed, Abdulaziz Saleh Alshamikh, Zainab Ali Mohammad Alfaqih, Mohammad Saleh Almarri, Faisal Besheit Almatrafi, Ammar Talal Eskandarani, Saud Mohammed Alowayfi, Khaled Ali Ali Hakami, and Hatim Ibrahim Mohammed Mutanbak. 2021. Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


Chicago Style

Alanazi, Mansuor Ahmed, Abdulaziz Saleh Alshamikh, Zainab Ali Mohammad Alfaqih, Mohammad Saleh Almarri, Faisal Besheit Almatrafi, Ammar Talal Eskandarani, Saud Mohammed Alowayfi, Khaled Ali Ali Hakami, and Hatim Ibrahim Mohammed Mutanbak. "Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alanazi, Mansuor Ahmed, Abdulaziz Saleh Alshamikh, Zainab Ali Mohammad Alfaqih, Mohammad Saleh Almarri, Faisal Besheit Almatrafi, Ammar Talal Eskandarani, Saud Mohammed Alowayfi, Khaled Ali Ali Hakami, and Hatim Ibrahim Mohammed Mutanbak. "Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1969-1979. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alanazi, M. A., Alshamikh, . A. S., Alfaqih, . Z. A. M., Almarri, . M. S., Almatrafi, . F. B., Eskandarani, . A. T., Alowayfi, . S. M., Hakami, . K. A. A. & Mutanbak, . H. I. M. (2021) Diabetic patientsí awareness toward hypoglycemia attacks in Al Jouf region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1969-1979. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633036222


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