Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1915-1920

The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdullah M. Khayat, Abeer H. Alharthi, Aeshah D. Alrabie, Nada E. Algethami, Jawaher S.H. Alotaibi, Rahma A. ALgethami, Maha N. Alshreef, Lama H. Alkhaldi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Spina bifida is one of the neural tube defects substantially related to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. A complex of environmental and genetic factors has been a risk factor for spina bifida. This study aims to assess the prevalence of spina bifida and related risk factors in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A retrospective chart review was done at Taif Hospitals, Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted by reviewing medical files of all infants and children born with spina bifida between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2020. All files fulfilling the inclusion criteria were reviewed for data extraction using pre-structured data extraction sheet. Results: A total of 15 infants and children with spina bifida among 43,890 live births in Taif city were identified with an incidence of 3.5 per 100,000 children. Among the 15 studied subjects, 9 were females, and the other 6 children were males. The exact of nine (60%) children with spina bifida had Myelomeningocele. Mothers ages at child delivery were 30 years or more was among 60% of the cases mothers. Two-thirds of cases mothers had no folic acid supplements during pregnancy. Conclusion: In conclusion, the current study revealed that spina bifida was around the global reported incidence, which was more common with more serious complications among females. Lack of folic acid supplementation at the periconceptional period was found to be the most reported risk factor.

Keywords:
Birth, defects, Saudi, spinal, neural, tube


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The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdullah M Khayat
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abeer H Alharthi
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Aeshah D Alrabie
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nada E Algethami
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Jawaher S H Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Rahma A ALgethami
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Maha N Alshreef
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Lama H Alkhaldi
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Jawaher S.H. Alotaibi, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; jawaher-41@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 08 Sep 2021
Accepted 19 Oct 2021
Published online 19 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Khayat AM, Alharthi AH, Alrabie AD, Algethami NE, Alotaibi JS, ALgethami RA, Alshreef MN, Alkhaldi LH. The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


Web Style

Khayat AM, Alharthi AH, Alrabie AD, Algethami NE, Alotaibi JS, ALgethami RA, Alshreef MN, Alkhaldi LH. The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=121751 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khayat AM, Alharthi AH, Alrabie AD, Algethami NE, Alotaibi JS, ALgethami RA, Alshreef MN, Alkhaldi LH. The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khayat AM, Alharthi AH, Alrabie AD, Algethami NE, Alotaibi JS, ALgethami RA, Alshreef MN, Alkhaldi LH. The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


Harvard Style

Khayat, A. M., Alharthi, . A. H., Alrabie, . A. D., Algethami, . N. E., Alotaibi, . J. S., ALgethami, . R. A., Alshreef, . M. N. & Alkhaldi, . L. H. (2021) The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


Turabian Style

Khayat, Abdullah M., Abeer H. Alharthi, Aeshah D. Alrabie, Nada E. Algethami, Jawaher S.H. Alotaibi, Rahma A. ALgethami, Maha N. Alshreef, and Lama H. Alkhaldi. 2021. The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


Chicago Style

Khayat, Abdullah M., Abeer H. Alharthi, Aeshah D. Alrabie, Nada E. Algethami, Jawaher S.H. Alotaibi, Rahma A. ALgethami, Maha N. Alshreef, and Lama H. Alkhaldi. "The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khayat, Abdullah M., Abeer H. Alharthi, Aeshah D. Alrabie, Nada E. Algethami, Jawaher S.H. Alotaibi, Rahma A. ALgethami, Maha N. Alshreef, and Lama H. Alkhaldi. "The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1915-1920. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khayat, A. M., Alharthi, . A. H., Alrabie, . A. D., Algethami, . N. E., Alotaibi, . J. S., ALgethami, . R. A., Alshreef, . M. N. & Alkhaldi, . L. H. (2021) The prevalence and risk factors of spina bifida in infants and children in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1915-1920. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631106175


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