Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1921-1929

Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulmajid Omran Alomran, Osama Mohaamad Wadaan, Nawaf Fahad Alnufaie, Faisal Abdullah Alghubaywi, Yousif Ibrahim Alshammari, Sajida Agha, Nazish Masud.

ABSTRACT

Background: The high demands and pressures from the physical environment impact the psychological wellbeing of an individual. Very few studies have been published so far from Saudi Arabia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 440 medical students (male and female) from Phase II (pre-clinical years) & Phase III (clinical years) in the College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh. Two self-administered validated questionnaires, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support to assess the social support, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 to measure the negative emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress, were used. The Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests, Pearsonís correlation analysis, and regression analysis were used to analyze data. A p-value < 0.05 was considered to be significant. Result: Overall, depression, anxiety, and stress were found at 44%, 61%, and 35% among the students, respectively. There was a positive association between social support and emotional wellbeing (r = 0.868, r = -0.208). Overall, females were higher on emotional wellbeing than males (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the study found that graduate entrants students experience less negative emotions compared to school entrants (p < 0.002), and married students show fewer negative emotions compared to single students (p = 0.021). On perceived social support subscales, no significant difference between gender (p = 0.937), stream (p = 0.50), and marital status (p = 0.073) was observed. Conclusion: In conclusion, the study found an association between perceived social supports the emotional state. Moreover, females experience more emotional problems and receive less social support than males. Avenues for future research and academic advisorsí role were discussed.

Keywords:
Perceived social support, socio-emotion, stress, depression, wellbeing


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Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulmajid Omran Alomran
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Osama Mohaamad Wadaan
King Abdullah Internaional Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nawaf Fahad Alnufaie
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Abdullah Alghubaywi
King Abdullah Internaional Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yousif Ibrahim Alshammari
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sajida Agha
King Abdullah Internaional Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nazish Masud
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Abdulmajid Omran Alomran, Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Alomranab1@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 10 Sep 2021
Accepted 27 Sep 2021
Published online 13 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alomran AO, Wadaan OM, Alnufaie NF, Alghubaywi FA, Alshammari YI, Agha S, Masud N. Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


Web Style

Alomran AO, Wadaan OM, Alnufaie NF, Alghubaywi FA, Alshammari YI, Agha S, Masud N. Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=122916 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alomran AO, Wadaan OM, Alnufaie NF, Alghubaywi FA, Alshammari YI, Agha S, Masud N. Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alomran AO, Wadaan OM, Alnufaie NF, Alghubaywi FA, Alshammari YI, Agha S, Masud N. Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


Harvard Style

Alomran, A. O., Wadaan, . O. M., Alnufaie, . N. F., Alghubaywi, . F. A., Alshammari, . Y. I., Agha, . S. & Masud, . N. (2021) Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


Turabian Style

Alomran, Abdulmajid Omran, Osama Mohaamad Wadaan, Nawaf Fahad Alnufaie, Faisal Abdullah Alghubaywi, Yousif Ibrahim Alshammari, Sajida Agha, and Nazish Masud. 2021. Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


Chicago Style

Alomran, Abdulmajid Omran, Osama Mohaamad Wadaan, Nawaf Fahad Alnufaie, Faisal Abdullah Alghubaywi, Yousif Ibrahim Alshammari, Sajida Agha, and Nazish Masud. "Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alomran, Abdulmajid Omran, Osama Mohaamad Wadaan, Nawaf Fahad Alnufaie, Faisal Abdullah Alghubaywi, Yousif Ibrahim Alshammari, Sajida Agha, and Nazish Masud. "Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1921-1929. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alomran, A. O., Wadaan, . O. M., Alnufaie, . N. F., Alghubaywi, . F. A., Alshammari, . Y. I., Agha, . S. & Masud, . N. (2021) Effect of socio-emotional factors on the subjective wellbeing of medical students in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1921-1929. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631281721


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