Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1909-1914

Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Rakan Ahmed F. Al Otaibi, Mohammed Abdullah M. Alsahly, Faisal Abdulaziz M. Alnuwaiser, Badr Ayed Almutairi, Aamir Omair.

ABSTRACT

Background: Myopia is the most common refractive error worldwide and is a growing global burden. Although myopia is a well-recognized problem, it has not been extensively studied in Saudi Arabia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of myopia and assess the association between e-reading and myopia. Methodology: This cross-sectional study included data collected from 571 male medical students in Riyadh between February 2019 and May 2019. The participants were categorized into three groups using stratified random cluster sampling: 187, 194, and 190 students from the fifth, third, and first years, respectively. The prevalence of myopia was self-reported through a questionnaire that also included details regarding the pattern of electronic device use. Statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences to determine the prevalence with 95% confidence level. Results: Among the 291 medical students who responded, 117 (40%) had myopia (95% confidence interval = 33.4%-48.0%), of whom 70% were diagnosed before attending the university. When comparing between myopic and non-myopic students with respect to electronic device usage, no significant difference was found (p = 0.28). However, a significant difference was found between the groups in terms of laptop utilization compared to other types of electronic devices, such as smartphones and tablets (p = 0.03). Conclusions: The prevalence of myopia among university medical students was 40%. A significant difference was found between myopic and non-myopic students regarding laptop use compared with other types of electronic devices.

Keywords:
Electronic devices, myopia, prevalence, students, university


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Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Rakan Ahmed F Al Otaibi
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Abdullah M Alsahly
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Abdulaziz M Alnuwaiser
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Badr Ayed Almutairi
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aamir Omair
Lecturer, Research Unit, Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Mohammed Abdullah M. Alsahly, Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; dralsahlymohammed@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 05 Sep 2021
Accepted 03 Oct 2021
Published online 21 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Otaibi RAFA, Alsahly MAM, Alnuwaiser FAM, Almutairi BA, Omair A. Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


Web Style

Otaibi RAFA, Alsahly MAM, Alnuwaiser FAM, Almutairi BA, Omair A. Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=120077 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Otaibi RAFA, Alsahly MAM, Alnuwaiser FAM, Almutairi BA, Omair A. Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Otaibi RAFA, Alsahly MAM, Alnuwaiser FAM, Almutairi BA, Omair A. Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


Harvard Style

Otaibi, R. A. F. A., Alsahly, . M. A. M., Alnuwaiser, . F. A. M., Almutairi, . B. A. & Omair, . A. (2021) Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


Turabian Style

Otaibi, Rakan Ahmed F. Al, Mohammed Abdullah M. Alsahly, Faisal Abdulaziz M. Alnuwaiser, Badr Ayed Almutairi, and Aamir Omair. 2021. Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


Chicago Style

Otaibi, Rakan Ahmed F. Al, Mohammed Abdullah M. Alsahly, Faisal Abdulaziz M. Alnuwaiser, Badr Ayed Almutairi, and Aamir Omair. "Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Otaibi, Rakan Ahmed F. Al, Mohammed Abdullah M. Alsahly, Faisal Abdulaziz M. Alnuwaiser, Badr Ayed Almutairi, and Aamir Omair. "Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1909-1914. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Otaibi, R. A. F. A., Alsahly, . M. A. M., Alnuwaiser, . F. A. M., Almutairi, . B. A. & Omair, . A. (2021) Prevalence of myopia and its association with electronic devices among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1909-1914. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630743647


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