Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1901-1908

Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University

Authors: Aisha Zakaria Hashem Mostafa, Sarah Mashan Dhaifallah Alshammari, Jawaher Saad Alrimali, Zainah Abbas Alhababi, Saja Awad Alamrani, Dhahyah Saleh Alshammari.

ABSTRACT

Background: Edentulism is a common problem that affects patientsí daily activities. The prevalence and pattern of teeth loss could point to the condition of a patientís oral health. This study aimed to assess the pattern and distribution of partial edentulism, its relation to age and gender, and prosthetic reconstruction for patients visiting the College of Dentistry, Hail University. Methods: It was a cross-sectional observational study. The sample comprised 384 patients. The data were obtained from the patientsí files and panoramic radiographs taken at the dental clinic at College of Dentistry, Hail University. Results: Around 67.7% and 72.9% of females were partially edentulous in maxillary and mandibular jaws, respectively. Furthermore, edentulous males were fewer than edentulous females. Moreover, there was a significant difference between patientsí age and Kennedyís classification of the maxillary arch. There was a statistically significant difference between Kennedy classes I and III of the mandibular arch and the age groups, where p-value = 0.0001. Furthermore, the usage of removable prostheses was nearly absent in the young patients; its usage increased as the age increased. It was also observed that females underwent missing teeth replacement more than males. Conclusion: Edentulism increases with age, and a higher percentage of edentulism is seen in females as compared to males. Partial edentulism, Kennedy class III, is the most common form of edentulism. Patients are rehabilitated mostly by fixed prosthodontics followed by removable prosthodontics.

Keywords:
Fixed prosthodontics, implant, Kennedy classification, partial edentulism, prosthetic rehabilitation, removable prosthodontics


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Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University


Authors
Aisha Zakaria Hashem Mostafa
Associate Professor, Prosthodontics Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
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Sarah Mashan Dhaifallah Alshammari
Assistant Professor, Restorative Department, College of Dentistry, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Jawaher Saad Alrimali
Division of Dentistry, Community Health Department, Ministry of Health, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Zainah Abbas Alhababi
Division of Dentistry, Community Health Department, Ministry of Health, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Saja Awad Alamrani
Dentistry Department, Private Practice at Al Qimma Clinic, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
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Dhahyah Saleh Alshammari
Division of Dentistry, Community Health Department, Haql General Hospital, Ministry of Health, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Sarah Mashan Dhaifallah Alshammari, College of Dentistry, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia.; Sara-22s@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Sep 2021
Accepted 24 Oct 2021
Published online 10 Nov 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Mostafa AZH, Alshammari SMD, Alrimali JS, Alhababi ZA, Alamrani SA, Alshammari DS. Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


Web Style

Mostafa AZH, Alshammari SMD, Alrimali JS, Alhababi ZA, Alamrani SA, Alshammari DS. Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=119940 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mostafa AZH, Alshammari SMD, Alrimali JS, Alhababi ZA, Alamrani SA, Alshammari DS. Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mostafa AZH, Alshammari SMD, Alrimali JS, Alhababi ZA, Alamrani SA, Alshammari DS. Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


Harvard Style

Mostafa, A. Z. H., Alshammari, . S. M. D., Alrimali, . J. S., Alhababi, . Z. A., Alamrani, . S. A. & Alshammari, . D. S. (2021) Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


Turabian Style

Mostafa, Aisha Zakaria Hashem, Sarah Mashan Dhaifallah Alshammari, Jawaher Saad Alrimali, Zainah Abbas Alhababi, Saja Awad Alamrani, and Dhahyah Saleh Alshammari. 2021. Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


Chicago Style

Mostafa, Aisha Zakaria Hashem, Sarah Mashan Dhaifallah Alshammari, Jawaher Saad Alrimali, Zainah Abbas Alhababi, Saja Awad Alamrani, and Dhahyah Saleh Alshammari. "Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mostafa, Aisha Zakaria Hashem, Sarah Mashan Dhaifallah Alshammari, Jawaher Saad Alrimali, Zainah Abbas Alhababi, Saja Awad Alamrani, and Dhahyah Saleh Alshammari. "Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1901-1908. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mostafa, A. Z. H., Alshammari, . S. M. D., Alrimali, . J. S., Alhababi, . Z. A., Alamrani, . S. A. & Alshammari, . D. S. (2021) Partial edentulism: pattern, distribution, relation to age and gender and prosthetic reconstruction for patients treated in dentistry clinics, Hail University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1901-1908. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630713626


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